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مجلة الفتح

ISSN: 87521996
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

تأسست مجلة الفتح في سنة 1997 وكانت تصدرها كلية المعلمين – الجامعة المستنصرية , وبعد تأسيس جامعة ديالى سنة 1999 أصبحت مجلة الفتح تصدر من كلية المعلمين / جامعة ديالى وكانت تعنى بنشر البحوث العلمية والإنسانية والتربوية حيث كانت تصدر بشكل فصلي أي أربعة أعداد في السنة

وقد أصبحت مجلة الفتح منذ تأسيسها مصدر كبير للمعلومات الدقيقة التي كان يستفيد منها الباحثين وطلبة الدراسات العليا إلى يومنا هذا وذلك بسبب حكمة القائمين على إصدارها ورصانتهم العلمية ,وقد تناوب على رئاسة تحرير مجلة الفتح كوكبة من الأساتذة العظام وعمل فيها مجموعة من الموظفين المبدعين , وقد توقفت مجلة الفتح عن إصدار أعدادها بين عامي 2006-2007 وذلك بسبب الظروف الأمنية التي مرت بها المحافظة اظافة إلى استشهاد سكرتير تحرير المجلة في ذلك الوقت (الدكتور حسن احمد مهاوش) رحمه الله.
وبعد استتباب الأمن في محافظة ديالى وعودة الحياة الطبيعية إلى ربوع المحافظة عادت مجلة الفتح بإصدار أعدادها وبحلتها الجديدة وخاصة بعد أن حصلت المجلة على الترقيم الدولي (issn ) وعادت مجلة الفتح لرفد المسيرة العلمية بالبحوث التربوية و النفسية القيمة ففي سنة 2008 وحسب توجيهات الوزارة أصبحت مجلة الفتح مختصة بنشر البحوث التربوية والنفسية فقط.

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معلومات الاتصال

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جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 10 العدد: 57

Article
Evaluating the geographical skills of fifth grad literary students
تقويم المهارات الجغرافية لدى طلبة الصف الخامس الأدبي

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الخلاصة

Nowadays Geography became of great importance in the life of people and nation . It started to have significant position in curriculums in the different levels of schools and colleges . Geography is one of the sociological topics that has educational values and aims of high importance. It is a wide and accurate science which gathers both requirements of natural and humanitarian sciences, and it participates in raising the students’ characters and in building up the mental and social ability.

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Article
The Impact of Counseling in a Manner to Stop Thinking in Reducing Psychological Exhaustion at Diyala University Employees
أثر الإرشاد بأسلوب إيقاف التفكير في خفض الإنهاك النفسي لدى موظفات جامعة ديالى

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الخلاصة

Find out the impact of targeted guidance to stop thinking in a manner to reduce the psychological exhaustion at Diyala University employees, and that by verifying the authenticity of the following assumptions: - 1. No statistically significant differences at the level of (0.05) arranged between the scores in the control group pre and post tests. 2. No statistically significant differences at the level of (0.05) arranged between the scores of the experimental group before and after the implementation of the program. 3. No statistically significant differences at the level of (0.05) arranged between the degree of experimental and control groups in the post test. Researchers used the experimental method to validate the research hypotheses, as the research sample consisted of (20) an employee in the College of Human Sciences, their distribution was randomly assigned to two equal groups, use the method with the experimental group to stop thinking, and no control group exposed to any intervention. Also used in the search scale exhaustion psychological prepared (Christina Malas and Susan Jackson, 1976) and prepared the final Faruk Osman from Egypt (1988), was adapted to the Iraqi environment by researchers, and be the scale of (25) a, were extracted sincerity by researchers using the virtual honesty, and consistency were extracted in a manner Alvakronbach for internal consistency. Also used in the search method of guidance to (stop thinking) which is designed for the purpose of reducing exhaustion and distress employees Diyala University, and the number of sessions (14) sessions, each for a period (50) minutes, continued (3) weeks, and for the purpose of ascertaining the validity of this method was presented to a group of experts in the field fitness upside to lower psychological exhaustion. The results of this research the following: 1. No statistically significant differences at the level of (0.05) arranged between the degrees of control group in pre and post test on a scale of psychological exhaustion. 2. There were significant differences at the level (0.05) arranged between the degrees of the experimental group in pre and post test on a scale of psychological exhaustion and in favor of the post test. 3. There were significant differences at the level (0.05) arranged between the degree of experimental and control groups on a scale of psychological exhaustion and in favor of the experimental group

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Article
Attitudes towards Modernity At the students of the university
الاتجاهات نحو الحداثة لدى طلبة الجامعة

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الخلاصة

The current research aimed to identify The level of attitudes towards modernity among the students of the university . The significance of differences in attitudes towards modernity among students of the university according to sex and speciality variables . Six hundred and thirty ( 630 ) university students ( 276 male and 354 female students ) have been selected randomly and recruited for this research project . The psychometric properties of the two scales have been verified by finding both the virtual validity and the construction validity , as well as by finding the stability via using the test and re-test for measuring the attitudes towards modernity with a stability coefficient of ( 0.82 ) In addition , the data were treated statistically using the following statistical methods : Chi square , Pearson correlation coefficient , Cronbach’s Alpha equation , T-test to measure the significance of Pearson correlation coefficient , T-test for a single sample , the T-test for two independent samples , and two-way analysis of variance . The results were as follows : A high level of positive attitudes towards modernity was found among the students of Diyala University . Statistically significant differences were found in attitudes towards modernity depending on sex and in favor of males while for specialization variable, the results showed a statistically significant differences in favor of humanitarian specialization in attitudes towards modernity .

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Article
اثر مسرحة المناهج في اكتساب قواعد اللغة العربية وزيادة الدافعية نحوها لدى طلبة المرحلة المتوسطة

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الخلاصة

The current research aims at studying the impact of theatring curriculums on gaining Arabic Language grammar and increase their motivation towards it for intermediate school class pupils To achieve the aim, the researchers intentionally chose Ninewa intermediate school for girls to the field of the research and randomly chosen two divisions (D) to be experimental who used the suggested method and (C) to be control group who used traditional method . The equivalence between Them was achieved regarding time age and academic achievement of parents . To measure gain of Arabic Language grammar , the researchers made atest for such purpose the validity and stability of wich were verified . The researchers made ascale toward grammar motivation characterized with validity and stability , the researchers used the following statistical means : T- test to achieve equation and measure variance for the pupils in both groups in favor of experimental .Finally, the researchers made some recommendations as well as other materials and made anumber of suggestions .

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Article
ضغوط عمل المرشدين الزراعيين في إقليم كوردستان وعلاقتها ببعض المتغيرات

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الخلاصة

This research aims at determining the level of workstress faced by agricultural workers during their work in the Kurdistan region in each of the following areas of work stress :( personal, organizational, functional). Then the comparison between the fields of work stress and arranged it by level of it. So the research aims to determine the relationship between the level of work stress for agricultural extension agents and all of the variables (age, specialty, level of education, duration of employment in extension jobs, work full time for extension, the confidence to extensionwork,the attitude towards extension work) and determine the relationship of those stress among other factors independent. Descriptive approach was used to achieving the objectives of the research. Questionnaire has been prepared through several stages included (70) items were used to determine the level of the stress of the three areas of the stress through the scale of five-guarantee levels. Research population includes all agricultural extension agents in all provinces of the Kurdistan Region's (209). Random sample was selected them by 77% and the number of respondents (150) respondents. Data was collected using a questionnaire by a personal interview. Many statistical methods & software (SPSS) were used in the analysis of the study data. The research results revealed that the level of work stress among workers in agricultural extension in the Kurdistan Region was middle tends to thelow. It founded correlation ship between the level of those stress and all of the variables (age, level of education, upbringing, the attitude towards extension work) and non-significant for each of variables (duration of work in counseling, work full time and for the confidence to extension work) .The research recommended to establish training courses for agricultural extension agents on the subject of the stress of work and their sources. And there are need to teach to students of agricultural extension topical in stress of work for the purpose of awareness them of its importance and make them ready to confront them and reduce their impact in their future jobs.

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Article
الوان الزي الموحد المفضلة لدى طلبة المعاهد والكليات التقنية في هيئة التعليم التقني

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الخلاصة

Colour : It is one of the Important element in fashion design and the most exciting that we cannot imagine fashion world without colours ,it is a way to express our self and our feeling . it is a wide scope and good choice between colours during fashion design and clothes choosing that will end to choice uniform with high level of beauty and harmony . Colour have negative and positive direct effect on self , according to this wondering was emerged : what is the fevouritecolour to college student uniform ? and what is the effect on self ? The group of sample of this paper includes Technical colleges and institutes students to reach (27) institutes (16) collages during the academic years, 2011- 2012. The research sample includes first and second grade of Applied Art college and Applied Art institute by using questionnaire and exerts percentage of favouritecolours for students and colleges and the reason for choosing them, the paper, also, describes the important outcomes and discuss them according to the data of the questionnaire.

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Article
فاعلية ستراتيجية التساؤل الذاتي في تحصيل واستذكار طلاب الصف الرابع العلمي في مادة الفيزياء

المؤلفون: أ . م . د . ثاني حسين خاجي
الصفحات: 124-155
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الخلاصة

Aims at knowing effectiveness of self Questioning in Achievement and Retention of Fourth scientific year students in physics subject . The Research was applied on Fourth scientific year students of Damascus secondary school belonging to Diyala General Directorate of Education. The sample was chosen by researcher which consists of (52) students. The sample was distributed randomly on two equal groups , one of them is experimental and other is control group. The results explained that there was significant statistical differenc es at (0.05) for favour which was taught . According suggested strategy compared with control group which was taught by traditional method

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Article
تأثير تمرينات تحمل السرعة الخاصة في بعض المؤشرات الفسيولوجية بدلالة جهاز (Fitmet Preo) لدى اللاعبين الشباب بكرة السلة

المؤلفون: م.د. زينب مزهر خلف
الصفحات: 156-173
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الخلاصة

The aims of the study to know of The Effect Of the excesses of loading special speed On Some Physiological from (Fitmet Preo) In Young basketball players, In it study using experimental research, Choose the subjects from the Sllek basketball (18) players, and divided into groups (controlling group and experimental group), After that using excesses of loading special speed in unit training (8) weeks at (3) men in one week the Conclusions of study it the excesses of loading special speed is Effect Of in (RMR) and calories and don’t Effect Of in (VO2max) In experimental groups Young basketball players, but not happened that in controlling groups Young basketball players.

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Article
الطفولــة في فكــــر إبن سينـــــــــا

المؤلفون: د . فرات أمين مجيد
الصفحات: 174-192
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الخلاصة

The aim of this study to the statement of the issue of child care at the Ibn Sina has been allocated in the first book of the book (The Canon of Medicine) a special chapter to talk about raising children, illnesses, education has been called the first in education, and divided it into four articles. Eating in the first article talking about the measure since the baby to be born to rise. And discussed in the article second lactation. And insisted that the child suckle its mother's milk as much as possible, it is like the essence of what food ancestor of nutrition while in the womb. Then he spoke on the subject of weaning, and confirmed to be gradual. The third article talks about some childhood diseases and the need for prevention. The fourth article discusses the management and nurturing of children up to the age of puberty, Ibn Sina and review the psychological education classes for children according to the best educational methods currently known.

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Article
الكفايات التعليمية اللازمة للطالب المطبق في قسم اللغة العربية في كلية التربية الأساسية بجامعة ديالى

المؤلفون: م.م. مؤيد سعيد خلف
الصفحات: 193-240
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الخلاصة

The teacher is considered as an important element of teaching process . The importance of preparing him for a profession of teaching is regarded as an important matter for achieving the purposes of that teaching process The process of preparing him requires devotion and accuracy in choice and in the way of designing suitable programms to prepare him and develop his sufficienties before and during his serice . Therefore the process of preparing him as a teacher in the colleges of Education has been an important matter in order to make him get teaching sofficienties before the service itself that helps him to do his responsibilities to achieve the educational purposes in its different aspect . Here lies the importance of the present research in determining the required educational sofficienties for student teachers in the department of the present research in determining the required educational sufficienties for student teachers in the department of Methods of Teaching Holy Arabic rules in the collegss of education . The present research aims at determining the required educational sofficiencies for student teachers in that department and exploring single distinctions among the views of the lectures concering the importance of the assessment of sufficiencies according to the factor of sex ( male / female ) . The present research is limited only to Dealacollege of Education department of Meth0ds to Teaching Holy Arabic . To achieve the aime of this research the scholar determined away of the required educational sufficiencies for student teachers in that department depending on literature previous studies and documents related to the educational sufficiencies . The criteria of the scholar is described with validity and reliability Therefore the scholar found the face validity and internal validity according to half division and ALfokrunbakh . The coefficient of reliability researched ( .,96% ) before the correcting , but after correcting it , by the use of Seperman Brown equating it becomes ( .,98% ) which is a good coefficient of reliability for the purpose of this research . After the analysis of the data and its treatment statistically we got ( 72 ) items out of ( 94 ) distributing on seven fields : 1 . The field of educational purposes . 2 . The field of preparing the lesson and planning for it . 3 . The field of achieving the lesson . 4 . The field of scientific sufficiencies . 5 . The field of assessment . 6 . The field of personal features . 7 . The field of system and personal relation . After completing the measures of the way it has been applied to haphazard sample consisting of ( 14 ) lectures from the colleges of Education department of Methods of Teaching . Holy Arabic it has been applied to samples of lecturers in the department mentioned above whose number is (46 ) F/M as basic samples chosen randomly collecting from a society consisting of ( 60 ) lecturers originally . The Results are : 1 . The seven fields have been order according to their ordered importance from the point of views of the lecturers in that relevant department . A . The field of scientific sufficiencies gets the first place (92,80). B . The field of personal features gets the second place (92,70) . C . The field of preparing the lesson gets the third place (91,43 ). D . The field of educational purposes gets the fourth place (91,39) . E . The field of implementing the lesson gets the fifth place (91,06) . F . The field of assessment gets the sixth place (88,87) . G . The field of system and human relations gets the seventh place (88,83) . 2 . Sufficiencies have been ordered from the point of view of the lectures regardless their fields . 3 . there are distinctions in the study between the responses of the samples according to sex factor and the responses of the samples according to the educational serrices concerning ordering the Sufficiencies . Thus the scholar tries to say : 1 . Make use of the list of sufficiencies mentioned above in the research of college of Education department of Methods to Teaching Holy Arabic the teacher . 2 . Make use of the list of the assessment related to the student teachers by their tutors in the department mentioned above .

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Article
اثر الأنشطة المصاحبة في تحصيل طالبات الصف الاول المتوسط في مادة قواعد اللغة العربية

المؤلفون: م.م انتصار كيطان هزاع
الصفحات: 241-260
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الخلاصة

Arabic is the broadest and most prevalent languages in the world stood at the peak of perfection Without the blessing of the Holy Koran were Arab So it is right we have the Arabic language in the field of education that we attach greater premium care and attention to the rules and methods of language teaching . In spite of the studies carried out in the rules and methods of teaching , but that the absence of classroom activities significantly in teaching. The researcher rewarded between first grade students statistically average chronological age and the degree of sixth grade and educational attainment of the parents there were no statistically significant differences between the two sets of search. Researcher formulated the test in light of the content subject annexation (50) paragraph . The end of the experiment , which lasted three months applied researcher dimensional learning test , and analyzed the data, the study found the following: - Outweigh the experimental group to the control group and in the light of the results has been to draw some conclusions , which are the activities of the entrances of modern education has proved its procedures effective in increasing the collection , and the classroom activities help to the active participation of students as well as to address the weaknesses in the answers the students and help them on the health of thinking. The proposed update to the researcher studied : - 1 - Adoption of classroom activities in the curriculum of elementary and middle schools and colleges of education. 2 - Adoption of classroom activities in the teaching of other branches of the Arabic language .

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Article
الخصائص المميزة لرسوم تلامذة الصف الخامس الابتدائي (دراسة مقارنة)

المؤلفون: م.م وفاء شكر حسن
الصفحات: 261-281
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الخلاصة

Current search targeted definition of the distinctive characteristics of students and pupils fee elementary fifth grades, as well as the comparison between them in those characteristics. This study was applied to a sample of students in grades five elementary and both sexes reached a population of 200 male and female pupils at ( 100 ) students and (100) - old schoolgirl ( 11) years old pulled randomly from four primary schools in the center of the city of Baquba . This study used a single search tool, a tool analysis of children 's drawings have been prepared by Ayad Ali Salhi breezes within the requirements of the master 's thesis ( the impact of the type of colors in artistic expression to fifth grade students ) Researcher concluded the following: 1. The fee graders fifth elementary age (11 years) is characterized by twenty characteristic is painted plants, draws straight lines, draw people, does not use Engineering Tools, paints shapes, paints the details of a few uses pure colors, the number of land line one direction shapes Front, paints according to visual truth, distributed on both sides of the picture formats, uses more than (6) colors, uses a yellow color, uses Algahoaúa color, space balanced shapes, forms related to the subject, using blue, draw horizontal lines, uses repetition in Figure, the movement of the rigid shapes . 2. Characterized fee fifth grade pupils aged ( 11) years with the same characteristics that characterized the fee fifth grade students and age ( 11 years) but they differed them in the standings ( Table 2 ) . 3. There are differences with significance level (0.05) between the characteristics of the fees students and pupils fifth grade primary and age (11 years) in (5) distinctive characteristics only, namely: does not use tools engineering, draws straight lines, draw shapes, paints the details of a few uses pure colors .

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