جدول المحتويات

مجلة الفتح

ISSN: 87521996
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

تأسست مجلة الفتح في سنة 1997 وكانت تصدرها كلية المعلمين – الجامعة المستنصرية , وبعد تأسيس جامعة ديالى سنة 1999 أصبحت مجلة الفتح تصدر من كلية المعلمين / جامعة ديالى وكانت تعنى بنشر البحوث العلمية والإنسانية والتربوية حيث كانت تصدر بشكل فصلي أي أربعة أعداد في السنة

وقد أصبحت مجلة الفتح منذ تأسيسها مصدر كبير للمعلومات الدقيقة التي كان يستفيد منها الباحثين وطلبة الدراسات العليا إلى يومنا هذا وذلك بسبب حكمة القائمين على إصدارها ورصانتهم العلمية ,وقد تناوب على رئاسة تحرير مجلة الفتح كوكبة من الأساتذة العظام وعمل فيها مجموعة من الموظفين المبدعين , وقد توقفت مجلة الفتح عن إصدار أعدادها بين عامي 2006-2007 وذلك بسبب الظروف الأمنية التي مرت بها المحافظة اظافة إلى استشهاد سكرتير تحرير المجلة في ذلك الوقت (الدكتور حسن احمد مهاوش) رحمه الله.
وبعد استتباب الأمن في محافظة ديالى وعودة الحياة الطبيعية إلى ربوع المحافظة عادت مجلة الفتح بإصدار أعدادها وبحلتها الجديدة وخاصة بعد أن حصلت المجلة على الترقيم الدولي (issn ) وعادت مجلة الفتح لرفد المسيرة العلمية بالبحوث التربوية و النفسية القيمة ففي سنة 2008 وحسب توجيهات الوزارة أصبحت مجلة الفتح مختصة بنشر البحوث التربوية والنفسية فقط.

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معلومات الاتصال

alfatah.magazine@yahoo.com
07723481695

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 10 العدد: 58

Article
أسباب ضعف طلبة كلية التربية الأساسية جامعة ديالى في تطبيق قواعد كتابة الهمزة من وجهة نظر الطلبة

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الخلاصة

Abstract Langugae importance in the life of peoples and Nations being considered atool of Expression and ameans of understanding and ameasure of the urbanization of the nationsoveralpregress . Arabic Language has two aspects in Linguistic communation (skills ) , first by the receiver is represented by listening and reading and by the transmitter is represented by speech and writing so proper writing is one of the Arabic Languge arts and it is the mainstay of pillars and a main skill. Dication problem has turned out to be a common phenomenon by the students and some teachers as they are equall in making Alphabet writings mistakes . besides having no mastery over spelling rules especially concering "Hawza" and types of multiplicity rules and lack of explanation and training . so the researchers need to consider and go throughthis problem to identify the students of Basic Educations weakness in applying the rules by writing "Hawza" From their point of view .To achiev the gool of research , the researchers adopted the descriptive research methodology the research community is the students of Basic Education college , university of Diyala .The research sample was (98)male and female student of the third year classes , Faculty ,Euducational guidance . The research tool was questionnairedesign of Forty items and by five scale (strongly agree ,agree,sometimes I don’t agree , agree, strongly disagree ) and to verify the consistency has been a way of testing and reached (0.88) a very good stability . in order to arrive at the results Thy used statistical methods ( to calculate the percentage of agreement between the views of arbitrators in the validity of the items and pearsoncorrelation co-efficent and Fisher equation expressing the severity of thereson ). Frequencies wene calculated for the five weights of tool research ( strongly agree (5) degrees , agree (4) degrees , sometimes (3) degrees , I don’t agree (2) degrees , strongly disagree (1) degree . And in the light of analysis of the results , has been to draw som conclusions (31) items due to many reasons for the weakness the students in the application the rules by "Hawza" writing as it was ( 1, 6 0 ) as a maximum limit and (1) as minimum limit . In the light of the research results they came to some conclusions . The ability of the students in applying the rules by writing " Hawza" is weak and This due to the weakuess of teaching in the intermediaafe and preparatary schools . the res earehers recommended teachers at these schools to pay wone attention to the rules at writing ((tamza))proper writing and vowels. The nesearehevs suggested a comparative study of the difficulties face by the uniuersity students in the applicafion of the rutes of writing (Hamza)from the pointy view of studeuts and teaehers.

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اثر برنامج تدريبي لتطوير مهارات المقابلة الأرشادية لدى المرشدين التربويين

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الخلاصة

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Article
الطفولة في فكر ابن سينا

المؤلفون: م.د.فرات أمين مجيد
الصفحات: 42-55
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الخلاصة

Abstract The aim of this study to the statement of the issue of child care at the Ibn Sina has been allocated in the first book of the book (The Canon of Medicine) a special chapter to talk about raising children, illnesses, education has been called the first in education, and divided it into four articles. Eating in the first article talking about the measure since the baby to be born to rise. And discussed in the article second lactation. And insisted that the child suckle its mother's milk as much as possible, it is like the essence of what food ancestor of nutrition while in the womb. Then he spoke on the subject of weaning, and confirmed to be gradual. The third article talks about some childhood diseases and the need for prevention. The fourth article discusses the management and nurturing of children up to the age of puberty, Ibn Sina and review the psychological education classes for children according to the best educational methods currently known.

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Article
مستوى استعمال علامات الترقيم عند طلبة كلية اللغات

المؤلفون: م.د.شفاء إسماعيل إبراهيم
الصفحات: 56-73
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الخلاصة

Abstract The main objective of teaching the Arabic language give the learner the ability to communicate clearly the proper language, whether oral or written communication. In order to lead the Arabic language and its function should be balanced attention to the teaching of its subsidiaries; to be completed within the unity of language, as the interest in the branch without the other leads to the weakness in the other branches of learning a language includes all weakness. The spelling with branches of the Arabic language and an integrated unit , designed to achieve the very ability to understand and mala , and in spite of its importance , the students suffer from a low level , which impedes scientific progress in their studies . And the importance of spelling , punctuation , including a researcher at the research aimed to identify the current level of punctuation at the Faculty of Languages students . To achieve the aim of the research researcher has chosen sections of German and French , and Russian language sections of the Faculty of Languages , the number of students in these sections ( 231 students) , by ( 64 ) students , in the Department of the Russian language , and ( 83 ) students in the Department of the German language , and ( 84 ) students in the Department of French . The researcher identified a piece of a comprehensive , coherent paragraphs parts , and left without a piece of punctuation , leaving in its place a vacuum , subjects were asked to fill in the blanks punctuation that should be put in place all the vacuum . - After applying the experience researcher found after correction to test high-altitude errors and 67% , and this indicates the presence of a very low level in punctuation when students sections. - In light of the results the researcher recommended several recommendations , including: . Attention to the lessons of dictation in various stages of study . . Authored a booklet on how to use punctuation , and usage rules that because of its importance in correcting the writings of students and researcher suggested several proposals : . A similar study of the current study on a larger sample . . A comparative study between misspellings Faculty of Languages students , and students of the Faculty of Arts at Iraqi universities.

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Article
تقويم كتاب التربية المقارنة للمرحلة الثالثة في قسم العلوم التربوية والنفسية في كلية التربية / ابن رشد من وجهة نظر التدريسيين

المؤلفون: م.د.عباس لفتة حسن الوائلي
الصفحات: 74-91
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الخلاصة

Abstract Evaluation is one of the important tools of educational process information. It attempt to find out the achieved goals and leads to discover the shortcomings to be overcome. The present study intends to evaluate the contrastive education third year textbook in the Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences - College of Education/Ibn Rushd from the instructors' viewpoint. The sample of this study consists of (15) male and female instructors. The data collection instrument includes (69) items. It is exposed to a jury of 10 specialists to achieve its face validity. The jury members agree upon the suitability of the instrument's items to achieve the study's aims. Pearson Correlation Formula, Weighted Mean, and Weighted Percentile are used to achieve the aims of the study. The results show that 53 items of the instrument are achieved in the in questioned textbook, with only 16 unachieved items.

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Article
أثر أنموذج ثيلين في تحصيل مادة التعليم الثانوي لدى طلبة كلية التربية – ابن رشد للعلوم الانسانية

المؤلفون: م.د. حميد قاسم غضبان
الصفحات: 92-117
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الخلاصة

Abstract The impact for students of secondary education model in the collection of thelin College of Education – Ibn rushd for humanities science Threw the search to find out the impact of model thelin in the collection collection of secondary education for students of College of Education – Ibn rushd for humanities science , and to achieve the goal of search coined researcher hypothesis, which states there is no difference statistically significant at the level (0.05) between the average scores Students first experimental group who are studying on according to thelin model and degrees of students of the control group who are studying on according to the traditional method of collecting material of secondary education, and select researcher students Phase II in the Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd / University of Baghdad to be a sample of his research and was composed of 70 students divided into two divisions seminars, represented one of the divisions of the experimental group that studied according to thelin model, by (35) students, and represented the Division other control group that studied by the traditional way (35) students, and check a researcher from the safety of external and internal design demo, by identifying the factors that could affect the variable, promising researcher kits search of teaching plans, promising researcher test be one of the (20) paragraph of the type of multiple choice, and a test of (10) paragraph of the type blanks , and used researcher means appropriate statistical to complete his research, and the results showed superiority students of the experimental group who studied according to the thelin model on the control group students who have studied in the usual way in the collection of material of secondary education, and in the light of the conclusion reached by the current research, researcher concluded a number of conclusions.

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Article
The Effectiveness of the Visual Teaching strategy in Biology achievement and developing the scientific processes of the first year female students
أثر إستراتيجية التدريس البصري في تحصيل مادة الأحياء وتنمية عمليات العلم لدى طالبات الصف الأول المتوسط

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الخلاصة

Abstract The Effectiveness of the Visual Teaching strategy in Biology achievement and developing the scientific processes of the first – year female students . This research aims at the impact of the visual teaching strategy on the achievement in Biology and developing the scientific processes of the first – year female students . year secondary female students through proving the following two hypotheses : 1- There is no difference in the statistical sign at the sign level (0.05) between the average of female students' achievement marks in the experimental group and the average of the female students' achievement marks in the control group . 2- There is no difference in the statistical sign at the sign level (0.05) between the average of the pre-test . and post-test . of the scientific processes of the female in the experimental group and average of the pre-test . and post-test . of the scientific processes of the female students in the control group. Al-Aamal secondary school in Baquba has been choosen intentially as the experiment field . The research sample consist of (70) female students from the first – year secondary school who are divided in to two equal groups . Then the equivalence was found . Then the experiment is applied from 8-10-2012 to 23-12-2012 . The researcher has prepared two tests the first one is an achievement post-test which consist (40) items from the type of multiple – choice test , and the second is the scientific processes test which consist the eighth Basic scientific processes , for this there are (24) items . After the statistical Analysis was found , the achievement test reliability has been found by using half – split method , and the scientific processes reliability has been found by using alfa chronbach , formula . The results have been analyzed which show the female students excellence in the experimental group more than the female students in the control group in each of achievement and scientific processes . The researcher submitted a number of conclusions , recommendations and suggestions .

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Article
فاعلية إستراتيجية ( فكر- زاوج- شارك ) في التحصيل و الاتجاه نحو الكيمياء لدى طالبات الصف الأول المتوسط

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الخلاصة

Abstract The research aims to know the effect of(Think-pair-share) strategy on the students achievement and the improvement of students attitude toward chemistry. The sample of the study consisted of an experimental group (27) students and controlled group (27) students. The tool of the test contained the achievement test as the attitude test towards chemistry . After the application of the test, the results explained that there is a difference with a statistical meaning for the sake of the experimental group that studied according to the strategy of (Think-pair-share) and in the attitude towards teaching chemistry. According to the results, the researchers recommended to adopt the strategy in the teaching Chemistry for the students of the first-year intermediate and the effect of this role on the students achievement and attitude in teaching chemistry.

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Article
المنظور الاجتماعي للعنف ضد المرأة العاملة في مؤسسات الدولة

المؤلفون: م.م. وفـاء صـبر نزال
الصفحات: 169-187
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الخلاصة

Abstract Title Rearch (social perspective of violence against women working in state institutions) The current research aims to identify the forms and manifestations of violence against women working in state institutions, The researcher has built a scale violence against working women, have been applied to measure a sample of (100) a woman, (Diyala State Company for Electrical Industries) and the results were generally the ratio ( 80.72%) of the women had experienced violence in the place of their work.

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Article
الكفايات التعليمية اللازمة لمعلمي التعليم المسرع

المؤلفون: م.م.نادية عبد القادر
الصفحات: 188-212
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Article
المشكلات التي تواجه طلبة معاهد إعداد المعلمين في مادة تاريخ الفن من وجهة نظر الطلبة

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Article
تقويم كتاب قواعد اللغة العربية للصف السادس الابتدائي من وجهة نظر المعلمين

المؤلفون: م.م رائد حميد هادي
الصفحات: 228-247
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الخلاصة

Abstract That our beloved country at the present time need to start more scientific than ever , we are passing through a critical stage of economic , social, political , and scientific education is one of the methods used by communities in order to achieve the objectives of the community, and in order to achieve scientific education objectives and be abreast of the evolution of the modern attention is required to curriculum school . The textbook has an important place in the educational process because it is one of the expressive means for the contents of the curriculum. And that the process of evaluating the curriculum and the appointment of the strengths and weaknesses of the things necessary in order to make them being developed and adapted to the requirements and needs of the times. Thus you will learn about the extent of their contribution and effectiveness in achieving the desired educational goals . To ensure students get the best books . Targeted search calendar Arabic grammar book for sixth-grade primary school from the point of view of teachers . , Through calendar substance Arabic grammar to be taught in the sixth grade at the center of the province of Diyala . Calendar and being in the light of specific criteria , including: - A - the achievement of the objectives of the book to the Ministry of Education . B - appropriate themes to the level of the students . C - the clarity of images and the book and the extent of its assistance to the students . D - over the thread subjects of the book . E - output quality of the book. The researcher selected sample exploratory basic way stratified random After determining the original community for this search pull researcher randomly sample exploratory and basic. The researcher reached conclusions , including: - - Introduction to the book does not include a general idea of the content of the book. - Subjects of the book was accurate in terms of scientific and ranging from the abstract to the concrete and it is difficult to easy The researcher suggests the following: - - Conducting studies similar to the ranks of another study of the two phases ( primary and secondary ) from the point of view of teachers and teachers. - A study on the calendar curriculum in colleges of education as essential from the point of view of the teachers or the students .

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إعادة تصميم السبورة التفاعلية باستخدام تقنية Wii mote

المؤلفون: م.م. مهابات فائق محمدعلي
الصفحات: 248-262
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الخلاصة

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Article
The effect of using a strategy shaped house ring in the collection of second grade students average in biology
اثر استخدام استراتيجية شكل البيت الدائري في تحصيل طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الاحياء

المؤلفون: م.م. هديل ساجد ابراهيم
الصفحات: 263-286
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الخلاصة

Abstract The goal of this research to know the effect of using a strategic planner House Ring in the collection of second grade students average in biology through the validation of the null hypothesis the following: There is no statistically significant difference between the average score for students of the experimental group that studied in accordance with the strategic planner House Ring and average students the control group taught according to the usual way. Conducted researcher parity between the two sets of research (experimental and control) in chronological age and IQ test and the researcher used the experimental design was chosen as the research sample of students in the second grade average in school Adnaniyah reached the sample (64) students were divided into two groups, experimental group numbered (30) student and a control group numbered (30) student, was subdue the independent variable "use planner House Ring" for the workout and to measure its impact on the dependent variable, "the collection of the students' experience was applied in the first semester of the academic year 2013-2014. To achieve the aim of the research was prepared researcher achievement test corrupted from (30), paragraph objective was to verify the sincerity and firmness, where he applied the test after the completion of the experiment on the experimental and control groups, and dealt with the results statistically to identify the significance of the difference between the mean scores of the students in the two groups have been using the arithmetic average The Pearson correlation coefficient test and T-TEST. The results showed the superiority of the experimental group students who are studying strategy planner House ring on the control group students who were studying in the usual way attributable to employ a strategy planned in the house ring collection. In light of the outcome of the search results from the researcher recommended the need to use strategic planner House Ring in educational and work on training teachers on how to use this strategy to explain the lessons of biology to raise the level of scientific achievement and for students.

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Article
تقويم أداء بعض مهارات التدريس لدى الطلبة المطبقين في قسم الرياضيات والحاسبات

المؤلفون: م.م.مؤيد محمد محمود
الصفحات: 287-312
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الخلاصة

Abstract The aim of this research is to evaluate some of the teaching skills that are used by the practitioners of mathematic and computers department at the school of basic education. The assessment sample was consisting of 70 students of 4th stage equally gender From this department. A closed survey has been taken place due to the steps of creating these objects. The survey was consisting of 44 items to measure 10 skills depending on the nature of the skill themselves. The truth of the research has been proofed, and also the stability of this research has been proofed via comparing the work of the researcher who has been prepared especially for this task with another note taker’s work. In this research five different classes for the major of mathematics have been examined by using person’s equation, weighted mean, mean for the statistical purposes. The conclusion of this research is 41 out of 44 items for weighted mean were greater than the mean. In the meantime the last 3 items had smaller value than the mean. This shows that the most of the skills were applied properly, yet some of them which were part of the major skills had not applied effectively.

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Article
The Suggestibility for The university students
قابلية الإستهواء لدى طلبة الجامعة

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الخلاصة

Abstract the study aimed for identifying the Suggestibility among the students of the university and the differences in the Suggestibility and according to variable sex (male- female) and a course of To achieve the study (human – scientific), to achieve the aim of the research has been building scale of the Suggestibility, depending depending on (Cognitive Dissonance) Festinger theory,The researcher investigated the sicometeric characteristics of the scale so, the researcher gain the validity by two ways which are: The surface validity and the building validity and the researcher gain the reliability by the following ways. Re-test and the rate of reliability is (0.82)and Alpha Cronbach, the rate of reliability is (0.85).The final image of scale is (24) items to measure the Life skills, The scale has been applied sample of the research which count (748) male & female students, they were chosen from the students of the University of Diyala randomly and after analyzing the results by using the mentioned statistics means Two Way Anova Analysis which are: A calling test for one sample and , the researcher gaind the following results: students Diyala University Diyala have no viability the Suggestibility, and statistically significant difference between( males – females) and in favor of females the most susceptibility to the Suggestibility, and there was no statistically significant difference in the level of the Suggestibility, depending on the variable specialization (human – Scientific).

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Article
A Proposed Model to Appraise the Performance of Teaching Staff Members According to the Philosophy of Management by Behavior and Results (An Case Study in Mosul University)
أنموذج مقترح لتقييم أداء أعضاء الهيئة التدريسية وفق فلسفة الإدارة بالسلوك والنتائج "دراسة حالة في جامعة الموصل"

المؤلفون: طالب دكتوراه / سامي شاهر عسكر
الصفحات: 333-355
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الخلاصة

Abstract The objective: the current research has aimed into appraising the adopted system of assessment the performance of teaching staff in Mosul University to identify the disadvantages of it, as well as presenting a suggested model to appraise the performance of teaching staff according to the philosophy of management by behavior and results. The methodology: the research has depended on two main methods such as: the descriptive approach in formulating the theoretical framework of the research, and the applied one that included a case study of the researched organization represented by Mosul University. The results: the research has reached several conclusions as the system of assessment the performance of teaching staff in the researched organization adopted by the Ministry of Higher Education & Scientific Research and its subsidiaries of instructional organizations such as the institution of technical teaching and the research centers, indicating into its difficulty application subjectively, this is what the research has aimed to treat this regulatory problem. The recommendations: the research has made several recommendations such as the researched organization must adopt a suggested model based on functional description – the tasks and duties of the member of teaching staff- in addition to support its legality by issuing the law of university service, the valid under no. (23) in (2008) as a framework of it. The value of the research: this research is the first in presenting a suggested model to appraise the performance of teaching staff members according to contemporary philosophy management by behavior and results in the managerial thinking. The nature of the research: A case study.

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Article
The effect of physical exercises to develop explosive power of the young handball players
تأثير تمرينات بدنية مختارة في تطوير القوة الانفجارية للاعبين الناشئين بكرة اليد

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الخلاصة

Abstract The evolution of the game handball in recent years tended to play strong, speedy and so requires blaming Mharria and physically great and the game of handball games that need this type of exercises to develop explosive power of the arms and legs of great importance during play and perform corrections on goal power and high accuracy, so sought researcher to study this variable on a sample of players club Diyala junior handball set experimental one with pre and post tests, using physical exercises in achieving the goals of his research, researcher has used statistical methods appropriate in the extraction of the search results, which reached to the existence of significant differences between the tests Tribal and a posteriori in the explosive power of the research group.

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Article
The effect ofexercise trainingvehicleweights to improve theenzymecreatineCreatenine(CPK)hasforyoungfootballplayers
تأثير التمرينات المركبة بالأثقال لتحسين إنزيم الكرياتين فوسفوكاينيز (CPK) لدى لاعبي الشباب بكرة القدم

المؤلفون: طالب الماجستير/احمد مبارك محمد
الصفحات: 371-385
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The research aims to develop exercises vehicle weights and see how they affect the concentration of this enzyme , and the researcher used the experimental method , the sample of the research has included players Youth Club Diyala Sports totaling ( 12) for the player and the way intentional being the stage of excellence and because of the cooperation of the coach and the players with the researcher was using exercises vehicle weights nominated by experts and after the use of statistical methods appropriate researcher reached the conclusions of the most important and significant differences between pre and post tests in CPK)) for the experimental group and the control group as well as the existence of significant differences between the experimental and control groups in the post test CPK will produce researcher also said that the exercises vehicle weights impact evident in the improvement of the level of the enzyme (CPK) players youth football , and the most important of the recommendations reached by the researcher are: researcher recommends trainers and workers in the field of sports all need to monitor changes functional and biochemical associated with the stages of preparation to ensure the health of the sports , the need for attention from the presence of trained using exercises vehicle weights in their training , research and similar studies for the rest of the variables is examined, biochemical , conduct research and studies similar to this method on samples from applicants or rookies or players of national teams

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Article
Phenomena of Arabic derivation
من ظواهر اللغة العربية الاشتــــقاق

المؤلفون: عدنان احمد رشيد
الصفحات: 386-394
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الخلاصة

Abstract This paper deals with the phenomenon of derivation which is a significant phenomenon in Arabic, with hardly a book devoid of linguistic ingested or view examples, and required research methodology divided in three sections preceded by an introduction and followed by booting the conclusion of the most important results. The title of the first section (derivation small), and the title of the second section (derivation great) and the title of the third section (derivation older).

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Article
Analysis of Some of the Biomechanical Variables to the Frontal Circular Kick According to Two different Levels of the Competitor’s Body in Taekwondo
تحليل بعض المتغيرات البايوميكانيكيةللركلة الدائرية الامامية وفق مستويين مختلفين من جسم المنافس في التايكوندو

المؤلفون: طالب الماجستير/مؤيد محمد أمين
الصفحات: 395-412
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الخلاصة

Abstract Taekwondo sport enjoys great prestige among the sporting events because of its aesthetic movements and art as well as its place in the Olympics and world. In spite of the enjoyment of a lot of young players with high physical capabilities, but many specialists in this field emphasize a weakness in the frontal circular kick on the head compared with the kick on the trunk, so researcher opine analyzing this movement from the biomechanical side according to two different levels of the competitor’s body,researcher used the descriptive approach indication of the correlative relations. The sample study consisted of National Team for Young (5 players),researcher has used in his experiences three video cameras, Mega Strike equipment and Program kinetic analysis. After analyzing the results statistically researcher found that there significant differences for some biomechanical variables for the kick on the trunk and researcher recommends: Attention to the situation preparatory in terms of the smallness of corner the falling, as well as on the performance of the kick with the exit the knee in front of highest which reduce the time in the kick on the head and emphasis on exercises to increase the kinetic energy of the striking leg corner.

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Article
الكفايات المطلوبة لدى مدرسي اللغة العربية في المرحلة الاعدادية من وجهة نظرهم

المؤلفون: طالبة الماجستير/ امل داود سلمان
الصفحات: 413-425
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: