جدول المحتويات

مجلة الفتح

ISSN: 87521996
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

تأسست مجلة الفتح في سنة 1997 وكانت تصدرها كلية المعلمين – الجامعة المستنصرية , وبعد تأسيس جامعة ديالى سنة 1999 أصبحت مجلة الفتح تصدر من كلية المعلمين / جامعة ديالى وكانت تعنى بنشر البحوث العلمية والإنسانية والتربوية حيث كانت تصدر بشكل فصلي أي أربعة أعداد في السنة

وقد أصبحت مجلة الفتح منذ تأسيسها مصدر كبير للمعلومات الدقيقة التي كان يستفيد منها الباحثين وطلبة الدراسات العليا إلى يومنا هذا وذلك بسبب حكمة القائمين على إصدارها ورصانتهم العلمية ,وقد تناوب على رئاسة تحرير مجلة الفتح كوكبة من الأساتذة العظام وعمل فيها مجموعة من الموظفين المبدعين , وقد توقفت مجلة الفتح عن إصدار أعدادها بين عامي 2006-2007 وذلك بسبب الظروف الأمنية التي مرت بها المحافظة اظافة إلى استشهاد سكرتير تحرير المجلة في ذلك الوقت (الدكتور حسن احمد مهاوش) رحمه الله.
وبعد استتباب الأمن في محافظة ديالى وعودة الحياة الطبيعية إلى ربوع المحافظة عادت مجلة الفتح بإصدار أعدادها وبحلتها الجديدة وخاصة بعد أن حصلت المجلة على الترقيم الدولي (issn ) وعادت مجلة الفتح لرفد المسيرة العلمية بالبحوث التربوية و النفسية القيمة ففي سنة 2008 وحسب توجيهات الوزارة أصبحت مجلة الفتح مختصة بنشر البحوث التربوية والنفسية فقط.

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معلومات الاتصال

alfatah.magazine@yahoo.com
07723481695

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 10 العدد: 59

Article
The impact of the learning cycle amended ((7E'S in the acquisition of mathematical concepts to the fifth grade pupils
أثر دورة التعلم المعدلة( (7E‘Sفي اكتساب المفاهيم الرياضية لدى تلميذات الصف الخامس الابتدائي

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الخلاصة

Abstract This research seeks to identify the effect of the learning cycle amended (7E'S) in the acquisition of mathematical concepts to the pupils of the fifth grade . Through testing the following null hypothesis (no statistically significant difference at 0.50 level of significance between the scores of pupils who are studying , according to the learning cycle amended (7E'S) and degrees of pupils who are studying in the usual way to acquire mathematical concepts ) . The research is limited on the mathematical concepts contained in the first chapters ( groups ) and the second ( lines and angles ) of the math book for fifth grade of primary school year ( 2013-2014 ) m . The researchers adopted the experimental design a post-test to two groups ( experimental , control group ) . Having identified Qsidia primary School rivers Girls Primary / General Directorate for Educational Diyala province to implement the experiment where , represented one of the two divisions namely Division (b ) of the experimental group that taught her students on according to the learning cycle amended (7E'S), other Division (a) has represented the controlling group who was teaching her students in the usual way , and by (22 ), a pupil in each group. Rewarded the two groups in the variables ( chronological age , achievement of last year 's experience , conceptual collection ) . To measure the impact of the learning cycle amended (7E'S) in the acquisition of mathematical concepts to the pupils the fifth grade ش a test was built to show the acquisition of concepts in the level of aspects of the acquisition of the concept of the three ( translation, interpretation , interpolation ) and thus identified (12) question for each question three branches represent respectively ( translation , interpretation , completion ) on the concept . After the test application and data processing statistically using Chi-square test , the results of the research are: ( the presence of a statistically significant difference between the two sets of research in the acquisition of concepts for the benefit of pupils of the experimental group ) . In light of the search result researchers to reach a number of recommendations and suggestions .

الكلمات الدلالية

--- أثر دورة التعلم المعدلة 7E‘S


Article
Constructing a Scale of Creativity Features for the Deans of Physical Education colleges
بناء مقياس للخصائص الابداعية لعمداء كليات التربية الرياضية

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية

الخصائص الابداعية


Article
A comparative study of the performance award for the rulers of the first-class badminton
دراسة مقارنة لمستوى الأداء التحكيمي لحكام الدرجة الأولى بالريشة الطائرة

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الخلاصة

AbstractI The study of the reality of the situation arbitration regarding badminton in particular, and various games at the level of general studies should go to them with a view to develop the arbitration process and raise the level of performance of the referees and players alike through the application of the law and draw the right players to properly ensure their rights without the intervention of the self-assessment for referees on the one hand , and reduce the number of refereeing errors that may be located where the judgment of the other. The problem with search in the fact that the rise in skill level of the players necessitated play heavily into the contours of the stadium , and this in itself is a problem for the rulers to the normal level in calculating the points , especially in the strikes overwhelming where badminton is very fast and can not recognize the area of the fall of badminton in accurate . The aim of this study is to compare the performance of the referees working on the device performance of the referees working without the device , so I suppose the researcher that there is no difference moral statistically significant differences between the performance of the ruling workers on the device and the performance of the referees working without the device, and the researcher used the quasi- experimental suitability nature of search , has included a sample group of governors badminton from the Iraqi League first class and the number was four governors , two of the device and the two govern without the device, formed a research sample (10 %) of the original research was to extract the correlation coefficient ( Spearman ) for being commensurate with the size of the sample , which coefficient Arrange data unconditional distribution of natural and the most important conclusions of the researcher are: that the device had a clear impact on the uneven performance of the referees between the device and work without , as well as the shares of the device in the speed and accuracy of the decision of the governors , and through these conclusions, the researcher recommends the adoption of the device in official matches the level of Iraq as well as the use of the device for the same purpose in other sporting events .

الكلمات الدلالية

الريشه الطائرة


Article
فاعلية دورة التعلم المعدلة (7 E's ) في اكتساب المفاهيم النحوية في مادة قواعد اللغة العربيةللصف الأول المتوسط

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الخلاصة

Abstract The study aimed to identify " the effectiveness of the learning cycle amended (7E's) in the acquisition of grammatical concepts when students of first grade average in the subject of grammer the sample consisted of (54) student and abide by the two groups, has been rewarded researcher between the two groups the researcher prepared lesson plans for the concepts of grammatical , and a post test to acquire a grammatical concepts , then applied as the final post-test on the sample . The results showed statistically significant differences after treatment using t- test (T-test) and there is a difference statistically significant at the level of significance ( 0.05 ) between the mean scores of the two groups experimental and controling groups , for the benefit of students of the experimental group who studied the grammatical concepts using a modified learning cycle.


Article
Evaluation of psychological hardness for futsale players in Baghdad governorate
تقويم الصلابة النفسية للاعبي خماسي كرة القدم في محافظة بغداد

المؤلفون: أ.د.غازي نعمة هناء حسين بنية
الصفحات: 87-105
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الخلاصة

Abstract The psychological problems to which the athlete subjected during training and competition are very large which can effect positively in the sport achieving process, thus the workers in the field of physical education field should benefit from all the effects that influence on human behavior and intensity degree to the extent that we could find suitable solutions for them and the research importance was in recognition the psychological strength level possesses by the futsale player and subsequently contribution in the process of psychological direction for them to improve the game of the player, especially in modern time subjected to multiple pressures differ in their types and their intensity according to the situation to which the player subjected and his tolerance, and this could effect negatively on the performance level . The research aimed at identifying the psychological strength for futsal players in Baghdad governorate via using psychological strength criterion for some collective games .The researcher has applied the scientific methods for the criterion on the questionnaire sample amounted (20) players out of the applied sample , and the results have illustrated that futsale clubs players have weakness in the pivot of psychological strength and they have high psychological insistence of the players achieve distinguished spread in the criterion pivot items in away that facilitate its interpretation.

الكلمات الدلالية

الصلابة النفسية


Article
قياس القلق الاجتماعي لدى طلبة المرحلة الإعدادية

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الخلاصة

Abstract The current research aims to determine the level of social anxiety among middle school students and identify the level of social anxiety in males and females as well as to determine the level of social anxiety among the students of the scientific section and the comparison between them and the literary section. The research sample consisted of ( 356 ) for both sexes of junior high students in the capital of Diyala province for the academic year ( 2012-2013 ) and Use test Altus to the two independent samples and compared with the values derived from the mathematical community level expected. The research tools has adopted a search on the scale prepared Beauty ( 1997) and extracted honesty apparent scale of the presentation to a group of experts in the field of education and psychology , and will emerge researcher characteristics psychometric was calculated force discriminatory ranged between (0,92-0,52) and therefore longer paragraphs the scale of discrimination is good and reached reliability coefficient scale ( 0,82 ) for the way re- test, were measured social anxiety for the purpose of verifying the validity of the research hypotheses and processed data using test Altai and extract the expected level of (76) with the level achieved and showed search results, social anxiety exists among males and females in varying degrees in favor of males more than females , as well as the results show that social anxiety among the students of the largest literary section of the scientific section students . In light of the results of research, has to formulate a set of recommendations and proposals in the current study to conduct further studies of social anxiety because it is the result of reasons, including social and cultural changes , economic , psychological and family making calls to identify them and develop successful solutions.

الكلمات الدلالية

القلق الاجتماعي


Article
تأثير تمرينات خاصة في تطوير سرعة وزاوية الانطلاق لمهارة قفزة الغزال بالجمناستك الايقاعي لطالبات كلية التربية الاساسية

المؤلفون: أ.د.مها محمد صالح رشا سعد عزيز
الصفحات: 130-145
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الخلاصة

Abstract The effect of exercise , especially in the development of speed and the angle of the starting skill leap gazelle in rhythmic gymnastics for the students of the Faculty of Basic Education The evolution in the sport of gymnastics rhythmic is the result of progress at the technical and research and including most of the gymnastics skills require complex physically complicated like leaps , so it is imperative that the coaches formulation and development of the curricula of comprehensive training to develop skills and lies the importance of research in the correct technical errors that lead to obstruction technical performance of the movement and thus lack the quality of the final achievement of the movement and its impact on the movement that followed , and here lies the role of the researcher in the application of exercises especially help to develop the speed of a starting player factors that affect the objects ejected as the body the player will be an object projectile moment to jump and leave the land and see how this effect of exercise on the development of the movement's performance . The problem with search in the presence of weakness leads to the occurrence of technical errors in technique , which in turn affect the technical performance . The objective of this research is to prepare a special exercises to help develop the cruising speed and skill to leap gazelle in rhythmic gymnastics for the students of the third phase in the College of Basic Education Department of Physical Education . The researcher assumes the existence of statistically significant differences between pre and post tests to cruising speed and in favor of a posteriori tests of the research sample . Researcher addressed in Part II and previous theoretical studies and similar . The researcher used the experimental method to the nature of the suitability of the research problem and the sample students in the College of Phase III Basic Education / Department of Physical Education . Research has shown the effectiveness of the use of special exercises within the vocabulary of the proposed approach for the development of cruising speed and skill to leap gazelle . The researcher recommended the adoption of special exercises to practice the skill of dart -Ghazal 'body rhythmic .

الكلمات الدلالية

الجمناستك الايقاعي


Article
اثر تمرينات إدراكية في اكتساب مهارة الدحرجة بكرة القدم للصالات لطالبات الأول متوسط

المؤلفون: أ.د.غازي صالح محمود هديل يحيى محمد
الصفحات: 146-157
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الخلاصة

Abstract A search on the five-door Chapter One : the researcher tried to find a means of learning to teach students in schools through the development of cogntive exercises to promote the acquisition of the skill of rolling five football PART II In the first section of this chapter theoretical studies of the subject of cognition and learning and game five football and the skill of rolling are dealt with the researcher and one from previous studies and are discussed part III contains the section on research methodology and procedures of the field , as the researcher used the experimental method Part IV : was the presentation and analysis of the results reached by the researcher PART V : I concluded that he helped exercises cognitive learning the correct performance of the skill and recommends emphasis on the need interest in the rehearsals that have been applied in research in educational units.

الكلمات الدلالية

مهارة الدحرجة.


Article
Find standard levels of intolerance sports for football fans
إيجاد مستويات معيارية للتعصب الرياضي لمشجعي كرة القدم

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الخلاصة

Abstract It has been shown that intolerance in social psychology emerged in the twenties of the twentieth century While incorporate current research slowly during the thirties and early forties and is the research problem in the absence of benchmark levels of intolerance athlete in football and the aim of the research is to find the levels of intolerance athlete to the concept and criteria for intolerance sports and how to get rid of Sports fanaticism . The researcher used the descriptive survey manner to the suitability of the research problem and the sample consisted of ( 530 ) encouraging fans of the clubs first and second class football and the researcher used means the following statistical mean, median , standard deviation and coefficient of torsion and has included Section IV results normative levels of intolerance athlete has reached Researcher to the high level of intolerance sports degree greater the importance of the match, compared to its level in the natural state and there is a relationship between the variables of intolerance athlete and as a result the team in important games . The researcher recommended the use of this measure to compare the fans in the game of football and other games , and whichever requires more fanatical conduct similar studies by researchers to codify the concept of intolerance among sports fans in individual games and the other the difference

الكلمات الدلالية

للتعصب الرياضي


Article
تأثير تدريبات على جهاز مقترح في بعض المتغيرات البيوميكانيكية وانجاز رمي القرص للشباب

المؤلفون: أ.م.د.اياد حميد رشيد خالد خميس جابر
الصفحات: 173-197
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الخلاصة

Abstract The researcher made trainings on proposal device relative with graduated resistances during the technical stages performance of the activity without any infraction to the required locomotive way, specially the throwing stage , but there is fewness in using equipments and devices relates with skillful performance and neuromuscular adaptation correlates with this performance when utilize these equipment. So the researcher run a device technique correlates to develop the special force and locomotor ways in both throwing position and the throwing stages to solve this scientific trouble that limits the digital achie

الكلمات الدلالية

رمي القرص


Article
Effect of using Role Playing Method in Achievement of First Intermediate Class male Students & their Attitude Toward Physics Subject
أثر استخدام طريقة لعب الدور في تحصيل طلاب الصف الأول المتوسط واتجاههم نحو مادة الفيزياء

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الخلاصة

Abstract The variance of using different methods & Techniques has become very important because of the nature of science subject & the objectives of its teaching . In order to let learning a pleasure instead of a burden , the researcher wanted to test the effect of using one of these methods which is Role Playing method because researcher thought that it participates in explaining scientific information specially abstract scientific concepts & it gives guarantees that all students will participate in lesson directly or in directly , in addition to that it develops students attitude because learning becomes pleasure & art . Limitations of this research are first class intermediate male students in Tariq Bin Ziyad school for boys which belongs to Diyala general directorate of education in second term of academic year 2011-2012&the last four chapters of the textbook. The sample of research was(57) students after exception of failed students &more absence students. Section( A)was chosen to be experimental group &(B) control group. Equivalence was made to both groups in (Chronic age in months ,previous achievement in science &mathematics &intelligence ) . Research tools were achievement test consisted of (25) items of objective type &attitude scale consisted of (34) positive & negative items with (3) choices ( Iagree, Iam not sure , I do not agree) . Statistical tools were : ( Equation of calculating variance, t-test for two independent samples , difficulty &discrimination coefficient ,Pearson equation to calculate reliability of scale . The results of research were : 1- Excellence of experimental group which was taught by Role playing method in Achievement test. 2-- Excellence of experimental group which was taught by Role playing method in Attitude scale. The researcher suggested further recommendations &suggestions.

الكلمات الدلالية

طريقة لعب الدور / التحصيل


Article
The level of use of the skills of shape when fifth grade students in the scientific material creative expression
مستوى استعمال مهارات الشكل عند طلاب الصف الخامس العلمي في مادة التعبير الإبداعي

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الخلاصة

Abstract This research aims to find out : "The level of use of the skills of shape of fifth grade students in the scientific branchof creative expression ." In order to achieve the goal of research ,the skills and format must be it includes; 1. titles codification of the main and branch in place appropriate. 2. follow the system paragraphs. 3. Leaving a short distance beginning of each paragraph . 4. split on the subject : Introduction , display , and a conclusion . 5. employ punctuation. 6. The use of strapping tools . 7. The use of some images rhetorical . The Researcher adopted a descriptive approach , and this requires identifying the research community overall , the students intermadiate and secondary schools in the district center of Baquba, in Diyala province , the Republic of Iraq Then the researcher selected sample of ( 100 ) students , of which 10 students from each school of community search , with the exception of the central prep . The search tool was a writing on the subject of express creatively , and depending on the Criteria * kit for this purpose , was to ensure validity and reliability of the tool , after taking the test its final form , layer researcher on a sample search on Thursday 12/05/2013 . The results showed a decline in the skills of creative expression - skills form - of the fifth-grade science students . The researcher found the conclusions of which , it is clear that the more skills the low in terms of the level , is one of the skills that have passed on the students before. The recommendations that came out by the researcher are: the use of educational programs in order to avoid the problems of the weakness of preparatory school students in the skills of shape, training teacher in-service and told them to develop the skills of students expressions , and urged the need to alert teachers to the students of the importance of these skills when teaching other branches of the Arabic language , as suggested by the researcher : a study similar to the current study to determine the level of skills of creative expression of substance . * Have been identified skills shape, and a correction Criteria prepared by the researcher , after a series of measures earlier in his doctoral thesis tagged with " effective program proposed in the development of the skills of creative expression and the trend towards material with fifth graders scientific ."

الكلمات الدلالية

التعبير الابداعي


Article
اسرار التكرار في سورة الرحمن

المؤلفون: أ.م.د قسمة مدحت وسام طه شهاب احمد
الصفحات: 245-254
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الخلاصة

bstractA Repetition also seems come up with something again and again. It is on the five types , with a recurrence of the causes of the name of the show for the purpose of Balmchar more attention to him . The model , which have been applied by the subject ( Surah Rahman ) wheres he was repeating them clearly and clear verse :  e e e e  received thirty-one times , eight of them reported immediately after the verses of the wonders of God's creation , and seven of them reported after the fire and the respect that the number of gates of hell seven . Among the benefits of repetition : stability and proof of the right and the number one full of numbers because some months contain the number of completed sessions. We understand that it'srepetition that indicates Kamal graces and completeness and, when asked about the wisdom of Razirefining versesaid: 1-the benefit ofrefining: report. 2-thethirtiethtimerefiningthe statementafterthe first time

الكلمات الدلالية

اسرار التكرار.


Article
TheEffect of Special Exercises in Mini-court on the Development of Passing and Targeting Skills in Handball for First Class Intermediate Students
أثر تمرينات خاصة بملعب مصغر في تطوير مهارتي المناولة والتصويب بكرة اليد لطلاب الاول متوسط

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الخلاصة

Abstract The researcher intends to study the impact of special exercises in mini-court on developing of passing and targeting skills. The sample of the study is first class intermediate students. The researcher has used the experimental curriculum of two groups design and the appropriate statistical means. The most important conclusions which the researcher has reached to are the superiority of the first experimental group, which used mini-court on the second one of the large court in passing and targeting skills. Also the special exercises, used in the research, have increased the students' motivation towards performance since they represent a reinforcing factor. Moreover, these exercises have helped in increasing the competition, excitement and amusement towards developing the performance. The researcher has recommended to apply the research variables on other samples and classes (girls and boys).

الكلمات الدلالية

المناولة والتصويب


Article
واقع الاشراف التربوي الحديث لاعضاء الهيئة التعليمية من وجهة نظر مديري المدارس الابتدائية

المؤلفون: أ.م.د. معن لطيف الربيعي
الصفحات: 270-299
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الخلاصة

Abstract The research problem from the problems afflicting Educational Supervision of the weakness of the dominant relationship between supervisors educators and teachers as a result of the positions of behavioral exercised by educational supervisors educators when their visits to schools, educational and this was confirmed by the worksheet seminar follow-up calendar 1977 and a working paper Educational Supervision 1982 to customize the reality of Educational Supervision The importance of Search: Find lies the importance of the need for modern educational supervision to improve the supervisory process and the attainment of its objectives in improving the educational process by selecting the ways to change education systems and environments and behaviors and the development of those who made it Research Goals exposed the reality of the modern educational supervision of faculty members from the viewpoint of elementary school principals Chapter II: theoretical framework and previous studies Chapter III: The Search procedures and research community and the research sample and tool research and statistical methods chosen randomly sample consisted of 180 principals of primary schools Chapter IV: The results of the first goal after analyzing the answers to the sample average level, acceptable, and there are statistically significant differences were significantly according to gender variable and there are no statistically significant differences were significant to the variable Qualification emerged that there are differences variable years of service. The researcher found conclusions, recommendations and proposals.

الكلمات الدلالية

الأشراف التربوي.


Article
أبعاد التنشئة الاجتماعية في كتاب التربية الإسلامية المدرسي "دراسة تحليلية لكتاب التربية الإسلامية للسنة أولى ثانوي"

المؤلفون: الدكتورة: رحالي حجيلة
الصفحات: 300-319
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الخلاصة

Abstract The present study aims at answering the following question: What is the embodiment of the dimensions of socialization in the book of Islamic education? To reach the goal of the research focused on analysis of the book, entitled “decision-maker” of Islamic education in the context of the first stage of secondary education, the trunk of a joint Arts and Science and Technology, the student Algerian, a publication of the National Office for Publications of school year 2007/2008, and is one of a series of books issued by the Ministry of Education in this context. In addition to this, the analysis focused on 37 lessons, divided as 189 pages. Through the outcome of the study it became clear that the spiritual dimension accounted for the largest percentage is 45.51 The aesthetic dimension accounted for less than the proportion for all dimensions was estimated at 2.70. It could be argued that in the latter resulting from the new curriculum reform of the educational system of the book of Islamic education and the dimensions of the socialization of secondary school pupils need to normalize the social dimension, and more will have a clearer picture of the interpretations.


Article
After a brainstorming strategy to acquire deductive thinking among students of the first gradeaverage
اثر استراتيجية العصف الذهني في تنمية التفكيرالاستدلالي لدى طالبات الصف الاول المتوسط في مادة تاريخ الحضارات القديمة

المؤلفون: م.د.سميرة محمود حسين
الصفحات: 320-342
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الخلاصة

Abstract This study aims at knowing the effect of the Strategy of brain storming on the woy of the deductive of the Students of the First grade in the Secondary Schools. And in order to investigate and to reach to the aim of the Study and its hypotheses a number of Students have been chosen From Fatma's Secondary School which belongs to the General Educationul directorate of Diyala. The Sample Consists of two Classes one of them is experimental and the Second is the required. The Sample of the Study Contains (60) Students i.e.(30)Students in the Experimental Class and (30) Students in the required Class. The researcher Conducted them evenly in the variable of ( Chronological age measured in months ,intelligence, Test of earlier Knowledge, and Test of deductive thinking. The researcher have prepanus a test to measure the Skills of deductive thinking (induction, extracting) Consisting of (30) items in which the reliability, anthenticity, the Power of discrimination, and the Coeffieient of difficulity) were extracted. This test has been applied before and after. The researcher has prepared the requirements of the study sueh as the subject matter the Formula of the Behavioral aim, and the outlines for both classes after the cheeking of the experts, paying attention to their notes, Some adjustments have been mude . Moreover the researcher has used the appropriate statistical methods .In the light of the results the researcher reached the following Conclusion: 1- the ability of teaching prepared according to the strategy brainstorming to develop deductive reasoning skills to the students of the experimental group versus the control group . 2- Following the brainstormingstrategy grade students to improve theirwas of thinking. And this will help them to solve their problems . 3- the teaching of thinking is possible in light of the availability of modern strategies, a versedteacher, material capabilities, and the appropriate condition, for the application. 4.Following the classical way is not going to develop the abilities for the deductive Thinking.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أثر مسرحة المناهج في تحصيل تلاميذ الصف الخامس الابتدائي في مادةقواعد اللغة العربية

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية

مسرحة المناهج


Article
Effect of using the method of discussion in the collection of fifth-grade students in the scientific literature and material texts
اثر استخدام طريقة المناقشة في تحصيل طلاب الصف الخامس العلمي في مادة الأدب والنصوص

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الخلاصة

Abstract The current research aimed to identify the effect of using the method of discussion in the collection of fifth-grade students in the scientific literature material and texts, and through verification of the null hypothesis of the following: No statistically significant difference between the average collection of students of the experimental group and the control group average collection. The sample consisted of 56 students from the fifth grade science were selected in a deliberate from junior high pollen Alndad for boys in the city of Baquba / Diyala province for the academic year 2013-2014 and were randomly divided into two groups one of them a trial involving 28 students Derso way discussion, while the control group consisted of 28 students Derso the usual way. The researcher reward in the two groups of variables: (academic achievement in the previous year for the Arabic language, and the chronological age of the students, and the educational attainment of the parents of the students of the two sets of search). Then he started to experience in the application of 01.10.2013 and continued to experiment 25/12/2013. The researcher taught both groups. For the purpose of achieving the goal of research promising researcher achievement test are from (24), paragraph objective and essay measure the levels of the following: (knowledge, comprehension and analysis) of Bloom's Taxonomy of the domain knowledge, and after the termination of the experiment dish researcher testing (31/12/2013 AD). After collecting the data and correct under the key patch test grades and statistically analyzed using t-test for two independent samples showed results as follows: No statistically significant difference in the average collection of experimental group students and average students to collect the control group and the experimental group. At the end of the experiment the researcher came out a set of conclusions and recommendations and proposals that emphasized the effectiveness of the method of improving the level of discussion in student achievement in the subject of literature and texts as suggested by studies similar to the variables of another subsidiary in stages other study.


Article
The children awareness of social relations
أدراك الاطفال للعلاقات الاجتماعية داخل الاسرة

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الخلاصة

Abstract The research aims to reveal the way of child awarenesses for the family relation and to know the distinctness of the child awareness for the relation in sex difference . To achieve Ahis aim , the two researchers had applied the measurement upon the sample of ( 100) ( child boy & girl ).The study reaehed to the following results: 1- There is no awareness for the children for social relation level in family in their estimation for social relations with each of ( mother , father , brother, and sister ) . 2- There is no differences have statistical denotation among the general mediam for estimation between eaeh two groups of male & femal in their awareness for social relations level with each of mother , father, brother, and sister.

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: