Spectral and Third Non-Linear Properties for Mixture Solutions of (R6G,RB, and RC) Dyes

Abstract

In this research, the spectral characteristics and the nonlinear optical properties for the mixing of Rhodamine dyes (Rh6G, RC, and RB) were determined at different concentrations ( 1×10-5,2×10-5,5×10-5,7×10-5, and 1×10-4 mole/L) at room temperature. The spectral characteristics were studied by recording their absorption and fluorescence spectra. The intensity of absorption increased and fluorescence decreased when increasing concentration which in agreement with Beer – Lambert Law. It was observed that this mixing had a wide spectral range. The quantum efficiency decreased while the radiative life time and the fluorescence life time increased when increasing the concentration. Nonlinear optical properties were measured by using Z-Scan technique, using (CW) continuous Nd: YAG laser with frequency doubled wavelength (532nm) with output power (100 mW). The obtained nonlinear properties results of the mixture (R6G, RC, and RB) showed a negative nonlinear refractive index for concentrations (7×10-5, and 1×10-4 mole/L ) while the concentrations (1×10-5,2×10-5, and 5×10-5 mole/L ) showed a positive nonlinear refractive index, also this mixing showed two photon absorption behavior for all concentrations. The origin of optical nonlinearity in the dye may be attributed to laser-heating induced nonlinear effect.