Psychological Stress-related Angina Pectoris among Adult Patients in Kirkuk City (Comparative study)


Objective:The purpose of this study was to assess the psychological stress-related angina pectoris among adult patients (male and female) and find out relationship between patients' stress and some socio-demographic characteristics such as age, marital status, level of education, occupation, socioeconomic status and BMI.Methodology: A comparative (descriptive) study was carried out at two hospitals (Kirkuk general and Azadi teaching) in CCU and medical ward in Kirkuk city for a period from the 1st of May 2014 and up to the 1st of January, 2015. A non-probability (Convenience) sample of (50 male) and (50 female) definitely diagnosed angina pectoris patient. To achieve the objectives of the study a constructed questionnaire conducted for the purpose of the study, which consisted of three parts: the demographic characteristics; medical data and assessment of stress which includes (24) items. The data were collected through the use of the interview. They were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis (Frequency, Percentage%) and inferential statistical (T. Test and ANOVA) data analysis.Results: The majority of the study sample were male aged (50-59) years while, the female aged (40-49) years old. 90% of the male and (62%) of the female were married. The majority (20%) of the male was graduated from primary school, while (42%) of female were graduated from the institute. Both male (36%) and female (46%) had (1-3) child. Most of the study sample was employed, had moderate socioeconomic status and mostly from urban residency. Regarding to the medical data, finding of the study indicated that (38%) of them were no history of chronic disease.58% of the male and (82%) of the female were no smoking, Majority (42%) of the male and (38%) of femaleswas overweight Conclusions: the study was detected as a gender difference between male and female with psychological stress. In the study sample were found a significant relationship between psychological stress between male and female and ages. As the study concluded that most of the study sample were to have moderate psychological stress. Also founds a significant relationship only in female patients with angina and level of education, occupation, BMI and psychological stress.Recommendations:Routine screening patients who attending to the hospital and primary health care center , for psychosocial vulnerability, current feelings and state of stress, with the use of reliable and valid measures.