Reducing of Corrosion Rate in Boiler Tubes by Using Oxygen Scavengers


The corrosion behavior of carbon steel at different temperatures 100,120,140 and 160 Cͦ under different pressures 7,10 and 13 bar in pure distilled water and after adding three types of oxygen scavengers Hydroquinone, Ascorbic acid and Monoethanolamine in different concentrations 40,60 and 80 ppm has been investigated using weight loss method. The carbon steel specimens were immersed in water containing 8.2 ppm dissolved oxygen (DO) by using autoclave. It was found that corrosion behavior of carbon steel was greatly influenced by temperature with high pressure. The corrosion rate decreases, when adding any one of oxygen scavengers. The best results were obtained at a concentration of 80 ppm of each scavenger. It was observed that hydroquinone is the best among the other scavengers in reducing the corrosion rate at the temperatures and pressures of this investigation and most efficient in the consumption of oxygen especially 80 ppm, it reduces the concentration of oxygen in water from 8.2 to 0.8 ppm, while the ascorbic acid reduces the oxygen concentration to 1.4 and monoethanolamine reduces the concentration of oxygen to 1.9 . It has been observed that hydroquinone reacts with oxygen quickly and at low temperatures while the other scavengers react slowly with oxygen.