Caries Experience in Relation to Weight Status among School Children Age 7-12 Year-old in Tikrit City

Abstract

Caries is an infectious disease that is induced by the diet. Despite its decline in all age group on a worldwide basis, it is still a serious public health problem in children and its control should be a priority. It has demonstrated that dental caries can gradual reduce children's weight gain, which may be reversed after complete oral rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between age-specific body mass index (BMI-for-age) and dental caries among school children 7-12 years in Tikrit city.Material and method: A random sample of 390 school going healthy children aged 7-12 years were selected from different schools located in the Tikrit city. Height and weight for each child was recorded to obtain BMI-for- age. Dental caries was recorded (dmft, dmfs, DMFT and DMFS) according to WHO criteria. The data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis.The results showed that the underweight children were more likely to have caries experience than normal and overweight children for primary dentition (dmft 6.75 ± 0.56 and dmfs 17.21± 1.37) and for permanent dentition (DMFT 4.00 ± 0.58 and DMFS 6.48 ±1.23) with statistically no significant differences between the three groups.