Mesomorphic and Dielectric Properties of Heterocyclic Liquid Crystals with Different Terminal Groups


A new hetrocyclic liquid crystal compounds containing 1,3,4-oxadiazole with different substituted in para position (Bromo, Chloro, Nitro and Methyl) were synthesized and characterized by melting points, FTIR Spectroscopy and 1HNMR spectroscopy for [Cl-SR6] and [NO2-SR6] compounds. The liquid crystalline properties of the synthesized compounds were studied by using hot-stage polarizing optical microscopy (POM), so they determined the transition enthalpies and entropies by using differential scanning calorimetery (DSC). All of the compounds show mesomorphic properties. The compounds [Br-SR6], [Cl-SR6] and [NO2-SR6] exhibit an enantiotropic dimorphism smectic (Sm) phase, while the compounds [Me-SR6] showed nematic (N) phase throw cooling only. Continuously, permittivity dielectric properties, electrical conductivity, relaxation times and activation energies have been studied in the range of temperatures (70-150)°C at two frequencies (500) Hz and (1000) Hz. Generally, the results show the dielectric permittivity and relaxation time values increasing when raising temperature, while electrical conductivity values decrease with increasing temperature. The activation energy values were determined in terms of the Arrhenius plot.