The Study of Ecological Pollution with Lead in Baquba City and its Suburbs

Abstract

This field study was conducted in Baquba city and its suburbs, to investigate the pollution levels of lead element, and determine its concentration in the soil and river water and its sediments and some plants types of . The present study included sampling and analysis of 51 of soil samples and 36 samples of rivers water, streams and Sediments and 14 samples of plant from different areas of Baquba city and its suburbs included areas of 18 locations that represented industrial , residential , agricultural and roadsides . The results showed that the averages of lead concentration reached 36.96 , trace , 21.72 ppm in soil samples , river water and rivers sediment, respectively . The results showed that lead concentration with a singe between 0.4 - 2.5 , 5.68- 11.52 , 5.74- 11.53 ppm in leaves samples Phoenix dactylifera , Citrus sinensis, Citrus aurantium , respectively . The results showed the high concentrations of lead in the soil of Baquba city and its suburbs, exceeding four times the suggest global average concentrations of lead accepted, amounting to 10 ppm . Based on the results obtained in the present study it can be concluded that the main cause of the high concentrations of lead in the environment of Baquba city and its suburbs was the human activities. At the first of them comes from gasoline genitive tetra Ethyl lead and followed by the factories that deal with lead and its compounds as well as industries and other activities .