Spatial Configuration Characteristics of Religious BuildingsA Comparative Study of Cult Buildings in Selected Civilizations


The relation between cult and space in religious buildings was considered as an important issue in different previous studies, which had confırmed, explicitly and implicitly, the role of cult ceremonies in the formulation of religious architecture, especially cult buildings. Cult ceremonies usually define the activities of the social system occupying religious buildings, and those activities find their reflection in the nature of the spaces of those buildings and what is widely known as (Spatial Configuration).This research is a comparative study aiming to define the nature of variation between Islamic mosques, ancient Egyptian and Iraqi temples in terms of spatial configuration. These cult buildings were chosen from very different civilizations in order to capture the variation easily. The method adopted to realize the goal of this research starts by defining the characteristics of the spatial configuration as criteria for comparison, presenting how to measure them, choosing (13) Islamic mosques, (4) Egyptian and (4) Iraqi temples as a sample to be studied empirically, and finally presenting the final conclusions.