The phenomenon of bleeding or Arab brain drain (Causes, implications, and remedies) Iraq Case Study For the period of (1980 - 2006)

Abstract

The problem of migration in general and the brain drain of scientific competencies, in particular of the permanent problems, were numerous causes and motives, you may be in the form of individuals or groups, and may be internal or external, may be normal or security, political, or scientific or economic reasons. As brain drain scientific Arab abroad due causes often to the political, security, economic and lifestyle factors, and for whatever reasons and motives, the effects will be negative for the countries that have migrated ones and positive on the countries which have migrated to, and on the Arab governments to take all measures that will help stop the brain drain and competencies and stimulate immigrant them to return to their homelands in Arab countries to contribute to addressing the problems of the majority of Arab countries in all fields