The syntactical analysis of urban structure using space syntax theory


The purpose of this study is firstly; to find the urban configuration of new residential project (Zanko's Village) in Erbil city, to examine the efficiency of the urban spaces design at the local and global level by using space syntax theory (Depth Map 10),that gives for planner clear understanding for the whole systemby determining two type of spaces had been defined by Bill Hillier as integrated and segregated spaces. The main goal is to determine the most integrated and segregated spaces which enables planner to choice the best location for urban activities, from other hand to examine the intelligibility of the system where the intelligibility is an attribute to make place more cognizable for city's dweller and enables to move through the city easily to reach the destination point. The research problem represents about confusing in disposition of urban activities, from other hand the accessibility of activities depends on intelligibility of the system, therefore space syntax considers an active tool to discover the spatial structure of the city and to give different categorize of urban spaces. The hypotheses of the research:1- The relationships between urban spaces, locally and globally have been influenced by the spatial patterns of the city.2- The gridiron plan achieves a high degree of intelligibility.To attain research goals, and examine research hypotheses will be adopted the following methodology: - Analytical-descriptive method to establish a theoretical base to understand the urban structure including the main concepts and definitions.- Mathematical method to establish quantitative base to measure space syntax parameters, and to reach the intelligibility of the system by the correlation between variables.Finally the research submits a set of conclusions concerns to the syntactical analysis of study area, and other quantitative measures to understand city structure. Keyword:Syntactical analysis, urban structure, space Syntax, Alfa analysis, spatial configuration.