Congenitally missing and supernumerary teeth among a group of 3-12 years old children with cleft lip and/ or palate in Iraq


Background: There are many congenital anomalies associated with cleft lip and/or palate. This research is to studythe prevalence of congenitally missing teeth and supernumerary teeth in this population group.Materials and Method: One hundred eight cleft lip and/or palate Iraqi patients had participated in this study (57male, 51 female), 3-12 years of age. 26 of them had orthopantomogram were within (6-12) years of age wereinspected for congenitally missing teeth and supernumerary teeth. Patients whom age range 3-5 years werechecked for the congenitally missing teeth by clinical examination with strongly insisting the teeth were not misseddue to caries or trauma.Results: There were 19(73.076%) patients with 41 congenitally missing teeth for the 26 patients within 6-12 years agegroup who were with orthopantomogram, while there were 20(37.037%) patients with 32 congenitally missing teethfor the 54 patients within 3-5 years of age who were not indicated for orthopantomogram. There were (22) patientwith (27) supernumerary teeth.Conclusion: The most frequently congenitally missing tooth was the permanent upper lateral incisor, on the otherhand the tooth most frequently noted as extra tooth was the primary lateral incisor. Majority of them were with cleftlip and palate