Twentieth Revolution and Iraqi nationalism

Abstract

AbstractMany writers and historians wrote about the Twentieth Revolution, but the current circumstances require to review this revolution, recalling its demonstration and inspiring of its heroes' biography and what was achieved during its time and after. During these situations, Iraq is suffering from the danger of sectarianism, and the Twentieth Revolution was able to collect and unify the Iraqis in its national without sectarianism and within a period in which our country is in an urgent need for a strong and national unity. It has achieved this unit while it was the basic rule for it, and its geographical, political and social sense for Iraq. For the time being, our country is facing several challenges and dangers of partition, trying to take advantage of democracy and freedom in the dismantling of Iraq's national unity. This great revolution has set up for Iraq its character and the political essence, shaping the way to gain recognition for independence and emergence as an independent state in the international community.In addition, the national of Twentieth Revolution is the outstanding and most important aspect, and this may be the axis of its most information and details. We have shed light on it briefly for highlighting the difference between what it was the situation in Iraq before the revolution and what it was fulfilled of changing in the national side. For this, we have appointed the first section to the Iraq reality during the Ottoman Empire where it was suffered from national weakness due to its internal and external reasons. Some of these reasons belongs to the policy of the Ottoman over Iraq, and others are resulting from the implications of this policy to the internal situation. However, the national side of the revolution did not achieve the practical level only, but also the intellectual level as well. As for this subject is an agreement point from many politicians and historians, we have allotted a section for each, with title "Revolution and the Intellectual Framework for National Identity", the other subjects of other sections have been focused on the scientific contexts in the process of Revolution . The third chapter deals with the role of the religion men in reflecting and enhancing the national role of the revolution. The fourth one addresses the national frameworks of Iraqi components. Consequently, the fifth section has been dedicated to address the national role of heads and sons of the tribes in the revolution