Bacteriological study of Salmonella isolated from clinical cases in Diwaniya and its effect on the blood picture and the mechanics of control

Abstract

During the study Collected 462 clinical samples of adults infected with the bacterium Salmonella symptoms and both sexes reviewers for laboratories and hospitals in the city of Diwaniyah for the duration of 2012 11 6 to 2013 5 26. Diagnosed isolates based on phenotypic characteristics and biochemical tests and AGRO and serological diagnostics in addition to the system by Api20E reaching 20 isolates of Salmonella isolation rate of 4.3% and the Cat, all belonging to thghe type S.typhi. The research covered also study the changes that occur in some of the criteria vessels in people infected with the bacterium Salmonella and it turned out that there was a decrease in the total number of Red blood cells in people infected with Salmonella , where the total number of red blood cells 4.91 x 106 c ml , while the the rate of the total number of white blood cells 3.7 x 103c ml , The percentage rate for each type of white blood cell and formed lymphocytes (% 52.55) which is low compared with the normal number either the proportion of each of the cells Eosinophils and Monocyte to 1.2% , 2.9 % respectively, while the percentage of cells November Basophils % 0.03, and the rate of the amount of hemoglobin 9.07gdl which is low compared with healthy people. Tested the sensitivity of the isolates S.typhi direction antibiotics used as were used (8) commonly used antidepressants in this study and found that bacteria were sensitive S.typhi by 100% of the Anti Ciprofloxacin, but resisted by anti- Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, Chloramphenicol, Tetracycline, Nalidixic acid, Gentamicin, Ceftriaxone and 80% , 85% , 70% ,70% .65% ,20% ,10% , respectively.