Manifestations of corruption and its reflection on the political performance of the Iraqi state


Abstract The interest in the corruption subject has increased in a noticeable manner in most societies. The countries started to classify according to the level of corruption that exists in them. The Corruption not considered as a moral phenomenon, or an exceptional phenomenon related to individual cases that can dealt with partially, but it is a multiple and overlapping aspect of a social phenomenon that is difficult to separate from each other. The political aspect linked to the economic aspect, social aspect and the cultural aspect. In the recent years, pay greater attention to the phenomenon of corruption in global levels, because of high rates of corruption in many rich countries and poor alike. This global attention might be reflected through holding numerous conferences, and the publication of numerous documents and lists by international organizations, such as the United Nations and World Bank, as well as non - governmental organizations, most notably the international transparency organization, which is an organization aimed at combating corruption in the world, and issues an annual report about the level of corruption in the countries of the world. The lists that the international transparency organization suggest that the corruption is existed in all societies, rich and poor, and developed and developing, and it can say that poor countries are more corrupt than rich countries.