Mechanical Properties of Self Compacting Concrete Made with Local Materials

Abstract

The main objective of this research is to investigate the properties of fresh and hardened self-compacting concrete (SCC) made from locally available materials in Basrah governorate-Iraq. The study consists of investigation the influence of volume ratio of coarse aggregate, limestone powder (LSP) to total powder ratio, and powder/water ratio. This is to obtain more information which will contribute to a better understanding to the use of local materials in production of SCC. To achieve these aims, 18 different mixes (17 SCC mixes and one normal concrete (NC) mix were prepared, tested and evaluated. It has been noticed that, with the same W/C ratio, SCC mixes prepared with higher coarse aggregate volume ratio showed higher strengths and modulus of elasticity than mixes prepared with lower coarse aggregate volume ratio. The increment of LSP as a replacement of cement leads to lower strengths and static modulus of elasticity. For the same compressive strength at 28 days, SCC showed 11%, 20% and 26.4% higher flexural, splitting tensile and bond strengths than NC respectively.