The Impact of Transfer and Reverse Transfer of Vertical Learning and their Effect on Learning the Serving and Spiking Skills in Volleyball


The learning process requires using the best educational programs and implementing them in the right way in order to guarantee meeting its purposes with the least of effort and as soon as possible. Yet, the teacher and learner should be in harmony in order for the learning process to take place successfully, and for the learner to receive the necessary information about the taught skill in the best way possible. Later, they will move on to the next skill, for there is a certain number of skills preset to be taught within a certain period of time. The teacher cannot stop not add any extra training units due to the time lack. Therefore, it is necessary to use educational methods that speed up the learning process by helping the learner to collect his thoughts and relate between his previous experiences and his current ones, as well as using exercises similar to the real situation during a game, which helps the learner to recognize the variables of performance which he has to face during a competition.The aims of this research are investigating the effect of transfer and reverse transfer of vertical learning on learning the serving and spiking skill in volleyball, and identifying the percentage of transmission within the two groups of the research sample.