SUBSTANTIVE TERMS TO A CRIME OF BENEFIT FROM THE CONSTRUCTION WORKS OR UNDERTAKINGS A Comparative Study

Abstract

It is of the most serious crimes, which lies on the public office and public funds that representative by the contracts, since the crime in question represents an infringement and violation of the principles of the contracting, which include confidentiality and respect the principle of equal opportunities and respect for free competition among the candidates to win the tender. However, those principles may be violated by the officials who are responsible for the tendering and contracting, therefore; the legislature intervened to criminalize for employee who is getting benefit or commission of completing these stages that he is in charge of. Thus, based on the importance that imposes itself as a necessity of the necessities of scientific research in such a subject and through what we have mentioned above, we have reached some results , the most important of them is inadequate punitive text cited by the legislator as a punishment against the perpetrators of this crime and that is disproportionate to the size of this crime by increasing its perpetrating rates, and that not following the legislative development given to this crime comparing with the legislation of Kuwait, Egypt who are very strict in the consequences of this crime. Also, we did not find enough attention from the legislature to avoid the occurrence of this crime by strengthening the legislation governing public contracts because this legislation’s inflation and its plentiful is another factor of committing this crime. So we have asked the Iraqi legislator to edit the text of Article 319 of the Iraqi Penal Code to increase the punishments with redrafting the text to include the various situations that are used by the perpetrators to commit the crime, also we have asked the Iraqi legislator to issue a public contract law to be the special legal reference for the public contracts, and cancel all legislation, regulations, instructions and classified in one of legislation package.