Synthesis and characterization of Au nanoparticles for nanomedicine application


Gold nanoparticles AuNPs have proven to be powerful tools in various nanomedicine applications, because of their photo-optical distinctiveness and biocompatibility. Noble metal gold nanoparticles was prepared by pulsed laser ablation method (1064-Nd: YAG with various Laser power from 200 to 800 mJ and 1 Hz frequency) in distil water. The process was characterized using UV-VIS absorption spectroscopy. Morphology and average size of nanoparticles were estimated using AFM and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis which show the nature of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Antibacterial activity of gold nanoparticles as a function of particles concentration against gram negative bacterium Escherichia coli and gram positive bacterial Staphylococcus aureus was carried out in solid growth media. Gold nanoparticles show high antibacterial activity with zone of inhibition. Antibacterial activities of the synthesized Au nanoparticles were assessed by agar well diffusion method. The stabilized AuNPs exhibited excellent antibacterial sensitivity (12-27 mm) to E. coli and (26-38mm) to Staph aureus.