The role of relaxation program for reducing anxiety of patients in dental clinic

Abstract

The role of relaxation program for reducing anxiety of patients in dental clinic Dr. Saadi Jawad Muslim Email: saadi53g@gmail.com Abstract The dental anxiety and fears of receiving prevention and treatment of oral health care have been considered as large and important, problems in which most members of communities in countries of the world, complain of this anxiety which reached to large percentages , and the continuation of these mental disorders with out find solutions to it, they may be leads to neglect their health and preventive dental care and avoid treatment , only in emergency and extreme cases such as severe pain and acute periodontal abscess of the tooth, and in this condition the person had lost their teeth, with worsening health condition, so this continuous anxiety of the patient to ward dental clinics adversely affect "the relationship between the patient and doctor and the type of treatment , diagnosis and the duration of treatment necessary as the delicate treatment of the dentist cannot be completed for the patient who is in a state of extreme tension with fear and continuous anxiety during treatment, we must be find solutions with a therapeutic program to reduce the tension of the patient suffering from anxiety in the dental clinic depend on of acceptable and scientifically evidence through the applied scientific research in the countries of the world for psychologists, researchers, doctors and others in the treatment of these patients, who make up large proportions in society and which need to accurately diagnosed by dentists and in collaboration with psychologists and specialist doctors by evaluating patients' cases and identifying self-reports of fear and anxiety, with tables showing their physical condition of blood pressure, pulse rate, finger temperature, etc. these can enhance diagnosis. The individual who has dental anxiety can be classified as mild anxiety, moderate anxiety and severe anxiety), Dental anxiety can be measured by dental anxiety scale applied to the patient to know the degree of anxiety and then draw up a plan of psychological and pharmacological therapy or a combination of both "depending on the level of dental anxiety, patient characteristics, clinical situation, and psychotherapeutic interaction either behaviorally or cognitively, and from the pharmacological view, we can treat these patients by using pharmacological and sedative drugs, anesthesia, general anesthesia and behavioral modification therapies which aimed to changing unacceptable behaviors by the learning, these include relaxation exercises (muscle and breathing), together with guided images and physiological observation using biofeedback therapy, hypnosis, distraction, positive reinforcement and a method of treatment based on exposure, such as the way Tell /Show/Do . The aim of cognitive strategies to change and restructuring of the level of negative perception and promotion of population and strengthen the control over negative thoughts that lead to anxiety, and cognitive behavioral therapy which is a combination of behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy . In the current research there is an important applications that have been addressed which is the relaxation training programs in different types, such as applied relaxation technique, muscle relaxation progressive techniques or breathing exercises and that dentists with dental assistants need to the knowledge of these techniques and applied a private training in order to implement and practice their application to a patient who has been diagnosed with dental anxiety before sitting on a dental chair. Many behavioral researchers identify the importance of relaxation programs techniques in the treatment of many of the symptoms of various mental disorders, including dental anxiety disorder which been diagnosed and where they stressed the importance of these techniques in reducing the anxiety and tension and the behavioral habits they create, from the development of these techniques has been used to acquire public health, whether physical or mental health. The relaxation techniques of various types mentioned, in addition to music relaxation, which reduces tension and anxiety, it works on a state of calm and relaxation that has been used to treat patients of dental clinic who have dental anxiety. The aim of this study is to highlight on what Dental anxiety and Dental fear means , and know the causes, prevalence and the ways of diagnosis with treatment beside some relative studies and to show the role of the practical application of relaxation training programs in dental clinics to be used by specialists and therapists in clinical psychology and dentists to help patients for reducing their anxiety and overcome their fear of dentistry and demonstrate the role and effectiveness of this program in reducing anxiety after the application of relaxation program.