Effect of the strategies of the up and down processes in the achievement of students in the fourth grade scientific literature and texts

Abstract

The present research aims to identify the impact of the strategies of upward and downward processes in the achievement of fourth grade students in literature and texts. To achieve the goal of the research, the researcher formulated a zero hypothesis and three hypotheses that are appropriate for the research and chose a experimental design with partial control. After determining the scientific material and formulating the behavioral goals and preparing the daily teaching plans, the researcher prepared a test in the literature and texts consisting of (40) paragraphs of the type of multi-test, the researcher confirmed his sincerity and persistence, and at the end of the application of the experiment, which lasted two The researcher used the analysis of the mono-variance in the processing of statistical data. The results showed that there were statistically significant differences between the average scores of the students of the three research groups in the achievement test of literature and texts, Moreover, the students of the first experimental group studying literature and texts (in the strategy of emerging operations) showed that the students of the control group who study literature and texts (in the usual way) The second experimental group studied literature and texts (the strategy of downstream operations) on students of the control group who studied the literature and texts (in the usual way) in the achievement test. Also, there were no statistically significant differences at (0.05) (The strategy of rising operations) and the average score of students of the second experimental group who study literature and texts (strategy of downstream operations) in the achievement test.