The use of water resources in light of the challenges of water security in Iraq


Abstract Iraq suffers from lack of water resources supply because the headwaters of the rivers located outside its borders and the influence of upstream countries on the quantities of flowing water, in addition to the increase of pressure on available water as a result of population increase and not adopting the principle of rationalization where misuse and wastage and lack of strategic vision to treat and manage water use in accordance with the economic implications fall. This is reflected fallout on water security and subsequently on national and food security, while the issue of using water resources is development top priority in different countries in the world because of the importance of water effect on the security of individuals and society in light of population increase and the fluctuation of water resources and lack of incoming water in addition to the increase of salinity and the decrease of water levels and its fluctuation and its reflect on the agricultural sector and its deterioration, as well as the need of industry of all types to water in light of the expansion of industrial activities that Iraq might experience, in addition to the importance of using water in power plants , water law prices is considered one of the factors that led to disruption of water security in Iraq where waste and misuse and loosing big quantities of water in terms of not applying economic implications for water use and hence the importance of adopting a comprehensive strategic plan to determine the factors of water deficit problem and taking in consideration the economic vision and the international experience in managing supply and demand on water that can be applied in Iraq, this is why this study focused on the economic implications of integrated water management in accordance to a strategic perspective to limit the crisis of water in Iraq