The role of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in the process of political reform

Abstract

I have witnessed the Arab Gulf states, especially in recent years, promised steps on the path of political and economic reform, and in spite of the varied nature and size of those steps from one state to another. And crystallized the idea of ​​the need for economic and political reforms in these countries, as a result of the combination of a number of developments on both internal and external. Has escalated votes represent currents political and ideological calls for democratization of the Gulf societies, and expand the area of ​​opinion and expression, and change the curriculum, and the openness of the media, and the renewal of religious discourse, reform of the status of women Gulf, and periodic elections, and activation of civil institutions, with direct sharp criticism of the tradition of social and religious conservative . The owner of these developments and the arrival of new political leaders to the helm of government, as is the case in both Qatar and Bahrain. In addition to internal factors, appeared on the horizon external factors increasing momentum, especially in the wake of the attacks of September 2001 in the United States, was one of the most important secretions form and the accumulation of additional incentives have made political reform a necessity.