Effect of using three different sources of water in some hematological traits of local male rabbits (oryctolagus cuniculus).


An experiment was carried out during 15/2/2017 to 1/5/2017, besides, 15 days as adaptation period, at the Animal house, Veterinary College, AL-Muthanna University, to evaluate the effect of three different sources of water in some hematological parameters of local male rabbits. Twelve healthy local male rabbits of 2.5-3 months' age were selected for this trail. Rabbits were randomly divided into three groups, each of 4 rabbits, on body weight. First group RO [(Reverse osmosis water group) control, second group (Tap water group ) and third group (river water group)]. Significant increases (P<0.05) were found in RBC of G2(6.37±0.33) at wk8compared with G1(5.77± 0.26), G3 at wk8(7.03±0.24) and wk4(6.70±0.18) compared with G1 (5.78± 0.32), (5.77± 0.26) respectively. There was a significant increase (P<0.05) in WBC count of the groups G1 (8.89± 0.49), G2(9.67±0.40), respectively, at wk8 compared with G3(6.41± 0.81), also, G1(10.30±0.27) was significantly increased (P<0.05) at wk4 compared with G3(5.91±1.26). Lymphocyte cells% was significantly increased (P<0.05) in G1(44.02 ± 0.82) at wk4, wk8 compared with G3(31.17± 2.61) and G2(42.75±1.52) respectively. Neutrophil cells % was significantly increased (P<0.05) in G1 at wk0andwk8(53.70± 0.62) (52.87± 0.66),compared withG3(48.52±1.23), while G2 was significantly increased (P<0.05) at wk4 and wk8(51.92±2.16), (50.7±1.05) compared with G3(44.67± 1.68),(43.17± 1.21) .There was no significant difference in the Esinophiles and Monocytes between all groups of rabbits during the whole period of experiment while in monocytes G3 was significantly decreased (P<0.05) at wk4andwk8(4.63± 0.27),(4.34±0.36) compared with wk0(7.34±1.17). Basiophile cells% showed that there was significant increase (P<0.05) in G2 (1.34±0.14) at wk8 compared with G3 (0.67±0.13). In conclusion from this study that the quality and resources of water play an important role in some blood parameters of local male rabbits, subsequent impact in animal hygienic performance.