Epidemiology of toxoplasmosis among Samarra' University female students and effect of infection on some sexual hormones


The current study aimed to determine the epidemiological infection of toxoplasma gondii and learn their prevalence toxoplasmosis among Samarra' University female students, As well The study focused on highlighting some factors such as social status Contact with cats and the effect of infection on testosterone and progesterone. We could get (100) samples of the blood of female students, ranging in age between (19 - 27) years. The blood was separated and stored in the refrigerator at a temperature of -20 ° C until the examination. The samples were examined by detecting antibodies by latex antibody test and 53% were positive. Then positive resulting in latex were examined in cobas e 411, Germany, was established to detect IgM and IgG antibodies and the proportions were 22.6% and 77.4%, respectively. The samples were divided into (4) groups of each group containing (25) samples. The first group included single women, the second group were married (without pregnancy), the third group was pregnant and the fourth group was abortions. The results showed that the infection rate was 16.9, 24.6, 18.8, 39.7%, respectively. In the case of direct contact with animals, especially cats, the highest rate of infection when contact with cats was 77.4%. The results of the statistical analysis at P ≤ 0.05 showed significant differences in testosterone at a rate of 0.813 ng / ml. And progesterone hormones at a rate of 19.130 ng / ml in pregnant women with toxoplasmosis compared to control group.