تحليل أثر تقلبات أسعار النفط الخام على التجارة الخارجية لبلدان منظمة أوابك للمدة (2000-2016)/العراق أنموذجاً

Abstract

The study is concerned with the negative effects of fluctuations in crude oil prices and their impact on the economic stability of OPEC countries with a focus on Iraq. This research aims at analyzing and measuring the impact of fluctuations in oil prices of OAPEC on Iraq's foreign trade (2000-2016) by adopting descriptive analytical methodology and standard methodology. The research assumes that the fluctuations in crude oil prices have a significant impact on the foreign trade levels of your countries Especially Iraq, for their dependence on oil revenues to improve economic development. The study concluded that increasing the price of crude oil in Iraq in one unit with the stability of other factors, this leads to an increase in the value of exports by (838.611) million dollars, and increase the value of imports by (1.341) million dollars and increase in trade balance surplus by (588.479) million dollars Of Iraq. The research suggests that the member countries of OAPEC should establish new projects to expand production capacity to maintain their role as stabilizers in the oil market. In need of this relationship, through the active contribution to the development of the Iraqi oil industry, where there should be participation by the companies emanating from the Organization in the development and production projects.