The Effect of Diet and Exercise on Serum Lipids in Overweight and Obese Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Mosul city-2016


Abstract:-Background:- Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a health problem affects women of childbearing age causing hormonal imbalance, that produce short & long term consequences on women health.Aim of the study:To assess the effect of changing dietary habits and exercise on lipids profile in overweight or obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome .Methodology: An interventional study on (200 ) women who are currently infertile, with polycystic ovary syndrome, overweight or obese, at reproductive age .The study was carried out during the period from 31of March till the 1st of October 2016 in outpatients clinic of fertility & sterility center in Al-batool Teaching hospital in Mosul city .The studied sample was divided into interventional(100)and non interventional(100)group..>. Collection of data was carried out bydirect interview with women according to pretested questionnaire.Measurement of weight and otheranthropometric,blood sugar, hormonal,and lipid profile measurement,. All these measures were done in first visit and repeated after three months follow up of the study period. All women in intervention group were given specific dietary advice and fitness program. The program included diet& exercise (lifestyle modification).Results :-The total women studied were 188 (96 interventional group and 92 from control group). Most of the women using lifestyle intervention showed improvement in anthropometric, reproductive, androgenic features, hormonal and metabolic parameters in comparison with control group, and these differences were statically significant. The results of the study showed improvement in the conception rate(10%)in the interventional group in comparison with control group.ConclusionChanging dietary habits and exercise can improve lipid profile and fertility rate in overweight /obese