Antibiotic Susceptibility of Bacteria Isolated from Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Babylon Province, Iraq


Background: The emergence of the antibiotic resistance in the treatment of UTIs is a serious health problem, especially in the developingcountries where there is high level of ignorance, poverty, and bad hygienic practices, Objective: The aim of this study was to detect the typesof bacteria and their antibiotic sensitivity in patients with diabetes mellitus with recurrent urinary tract infections and compare between typesof bacteria in patients with the previous admission to hospital from those who are not. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional studywas conducted on eighty patients with diabetes mellitus and recurrent urinary tract infection, those patients who visited the Outpatient Unit inDiabetic and Endocrine Center in Merjan Medical City in Babylon Province. This study was carried out from March 1, 2016 to September 30,2016. General urine examination was done to the patient with urinary tract infection. Urine samples were sent for culture and sensitivity againstdifferent types of antibiotics. Results: Results found that the mean age of the patients was (58.23 ± 14.38) and majority of them (63.7%) werefemale and (52.5%) of them came from rural area. The main bacteria causing urinary tract infection was Escherichia coli in more than 55% ofcases, while the amikacin antibiotic regard as the best antibiotic in the treatment of urinary tract infection in this study with lowest resistancepercentage (3.8%). Based on the history of previous admission to the hospital, there was 57.5% with a history of previous admission, andthere was statistically significant difference in the types of bacteria between the two groups. Conclusion: There was significant difference inbacterial type between patients who previously had hospital admission and those who had not. E. coli was the main bacteria causing UTI inthis study. Amikacin showed the best sensitive drug for bacteria that cause urinary tract infection.