Impact of Elevated Red Cell Distribution Width on Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction

Abstract

Background: Red cell distribution width (RDW) is an important parameter that has a critical impact on the severity of coronary arterydisease, especially on that of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Objective: This study was aimed to determine the effect of elevated RDWon the outcome of AMI. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective, case–control study conducted on two groups of participants;the first group (cases) comprised 87 patients suffering from AMI, while the second one (controls) comprised an equal number of patientshaving stable angina. Matching of controls to patients was done according to age (within 5 years) and gender. The study extended from thebeginning of October 2017 to the end of March 2018. Participants in both groups were collected from Al‑Sadr Teaching Hospital and MerjanMedical City at Iraqi Najaf and Babylon Governorates, respectively. RDW values were determined by the use of hematological auto‑analyzer.Results: Statistically significant differences found between the study groups regarding RDW (P = 0.0001, odds ratio [OR] = 9.481, 95%confidence interval [CI] = 5.127–17.535) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) (P = 0.0001, OR = 1.325, 95% CI = 1.109–1.584). Strong positivecorrelation was found between RDW and cTnI (r = 0.272, P = 0.0001). Other measured parameters which are age, gender, history of hypertension,diabetes and smoking, body mass index, hemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume, mean cell volume, and mean cell Hb concentration all showedno significant differences between the study groups regarding them. Conclusion: RDW owns substantial diagnostic and prognostic value thatcan aid in the management of AMI patients.