استخدام موازنة البرامج والأداء أداة للتخطيط والرقابة في الوحدات الحكومية بحث تطبيقي في جامعة المثنى - العراق

Abstract

The program and performance budget represents a system of financial budgeting that includes all expenditures that must be allocated for each new financial year. The budget of each function within the government unit begins to be analyzed according to its needs and costs. Then the budget is prepared on the basis of the requirements of the next stage without considering the increase or decrease of the previous budget .Program and performance budgeting helps reduce costs by avoiding the increase or decrease in the budget of the previous period, but the process of preparing the program budget and performance takes longer than the traditional budget or budget items, but this is not an obstacle to the preparation and implementation.The aim of this study is to develop the budget system in government units through the use of the program and performance budget system as a tool for planning and monitoring activities and activities and to implement the necessary applications to implement this budget, thereby reducing the waste of public money by reducing unnecessary public expenditures.This study was conducted in one of the government units, Iraq, Al-Muthanna University, in Samawah City, to survey the opinions of a sample of accountants, auditors, unit officers and specialized academics affiliated with that government unit, as well as the use of the practical experimental approach in one of the formations of this unit, sub-units. The results of the study showed that there is complete acceptance by the sample members of the importance of adopting and implementing the system of budget of programs and performance. The results of the applied study also showed that there is great benefit to the sub-government units through the use of the program and performance budget system for the planning and control of the use of resources available.The study has reached a number of recommendations, the most important of which is the need to move the process of preparing budgets in government units from the traditional budget (budget items) to the budget of programs and performance and its application already, as it has several characteristics, notably the feature of flexibility, cost reduction as well as implementation is more accurate and is therefore a tool for assessing the performance and financial planning of government units as well as evaluating the performance of government departments and their employees.

Keywords

The program and performance budget represents a system of financial budgeting that includes all expenditures that must be allocated for each new financial year. The budget of each function within the government unit begins to be analyzed according to its needs and costs. Then the budget is prepared on the basis of the requirements of the next stage without considering the increase or decrease of the previous budget .Program and performance budgeting helps reduce costs by avoiding the increase or decrease in the budget of the previous period, but the process of preparing the program budget and performance takes longer than the traditional budget or budget items, but this is not an obstacle to the preparation and implementation.The aim of this study is to develop the budget system in government units through the use of the program and performance budget system as a tool for planning and monitoring activities and activities and to implement the necessary applications to implement this budget, thereby reducing the waste of public money by reducing unnecessary public expenditures.This study was conducted in one of the government units, Iraq, Al-Muthanna University, in Samawah City, to survey the opinions of a sample of accountants, auditors, unit officers and specialized academics affiliated with that government unit, as well as the use of the practical experimental approach in one of the formations of this unit, sub-units. The results of the study showed that there is complete acceptance by the sample members of the importance of adopting and implementing the system of budget of programs and performance. The results of the applied study also showed that there is great benefit to the sub-government units through the use of the program and performance budget system for the planning and control of the use of resources available.The study has reached a number of recommendations, the most important of which is the need to move the process of preparing budgets in government units from the traditional budget, budget items to the budget of programs and performance and its application already, as it has several characteristics, notably the feature of flexibility, cost reduction as well as implementation is more accurate and is therefore a tool for assessing the performance and financial planning of government units as well as evaluating the performance of government departments and their employees.