Obturation of internally prepared cavities (simulating internal resorption) with three different techniques


Background and objectives:There is controversy as to which instrumentation and/or obturation techniques to choose for the treatment of the internal resorption defects. This in vitro study compared the instrumentation and obturation quality of simulated internal resorption cavities (IRC) with 3 different techniques.Methods:Ninety extracted human roots were used and sectioned transversely 5 mm from the apex and hemi-circular cavities were prepared in both sections. The sections were glued back together using superglue and embedded in plaster mold, thus obtaining root canals with cavities simulating internal resorption. The samples were randomly divided into 3 groups of 30 roots and instrumented by pro-taper rotary files, hybrid technique, or step-back technique, then each group subdivided into three subgroups of 10 roots and obturated with cold lateral condensation, warm vertical compaction, or injectable thermo-plasticized technique. After obturation, the samples were radio-graphed in Bucco-lingual and Mesio-distal view. After that, the plaster molds were removed, and the samples were then sectioned at the previous level and the quality of the obturation of the IRC were viewed under stereomicroscope.Results: There was highly significant difference between pro-taper rotary files compared with hybrid and step-back techniques. The results of obturation techniques radiographically and by stereomicroscope showed that there was highly significant difference in between injectable thermo-plasticized compared with other two techniques.Conclusion:The pro-taper rotary files and injectable thermo-plasticized technique gave the best results for treatment of simulated internal resorption cavities (IRC).