Different Aspects of Acne in Patients Attending the Department of Dermatology and Venereology at Rizgary Teaching Hospital in Erbil

Abstract

Background: Acne is a common skin disease of adolescence. It is caused by inflammation of the pilosebaceous units, characterized by comedones, papules, pustules, inflamed nodules and it may result in scarring.Objective: This study was performed to define the different aspects of acne in patients attending the department of dermatology and venereology in Rizgary Teaching Hospital.Methods: This study is a descriptive case- series hospital- based study, conducted on 200 patients with acne attending the department of dermatology and venereology in Rizgary Teaching Hospital in Erbil.Results: The number of female patients with acne was 145 and male patients were 55. Acne of moderate severity was the commonest type, it was found in 57% and 64% of the patients had mixed types of lesions. Seborrhea was present in 84% of patients. Hirsutism was present in 44% of female patients and pre-menstrual flare-up was found in 73% of females. A significant relation was found between gender and degree of severity of acne. Also a significant relation was found between seborrhea and the acne severity.Conclusion: This study showed that acne of moderate severity was the commonest type. Females made the majority of our acne patients. Multiple exacerbating factors were found to be contributing.