Community and Hospital Acquired Infection of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Erbil City


Background and Objectives: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most frequently isolated pathogens in both community and hospitals, and associated with high morbidity and mortality rates with rapid development of resistance. The ethicillin-resistance occurs due to the presence of PBP2a of the bacterial cell wall, which has low affinity for β-lactam antibiotics. MRSA are often multi-resistant to both β-lactams and non-β-lactams antibiotics. The study was documented the occurrence of community and hospital acquired MRSA infections.Method: The clinical specimens were collected from patients at three teaching hospitals in Erbil city. All Staphylococcus aureus were identified as MRSA by detection of PBP2a.Results: Out of 377 Staphylococcus aureus isolated, 30.24% were MRSA. The wound was the most common infection site for both community and hospital acquired MRSA. Statistically the patients with hospital acquired MRSA were older than the community acquired MRSA.Conclusions: MRSA is one of the most common causes of serious infection in community and hospital settings. The most common site infected by MRSA is the surgical wound infection.