External and Internal Factors Affecting Students’ Academic Performance


This study was conducted to examine factors influencing academic performance of students. The measured factors have been divided into: External Factors (Extracurricular Activities, Family Problems, Work and Financial, Social and other Problems) and Internal Factors (Students’ Competence and Aptitude, Class: Schedule, Size, Environment, Text Books and exam systems, learning Facilities and Technology). Eighty students, (40 males and 40 females) from the English department, College of Arts, University of Kufa, have been subjected in a survey by using a questionnaire to measure their academic performance. The data of questionnaire have been analyzed by many statistical methods (SPSS, Microsoft Excel program, ANOVA, and Histograms). The results of the study reveal that students are suffering from outdated text books and routine exam systems align with family problems. The test also shows that the majority of students have a great zeal towards the systematic application of knowledge in classroom through technological facilities, males are more eager in this aspect. A deeper analysis displays that the age between 20-23 is more acceptable of this application than the others.