The Role of Didactic Strategies to Promote Competencies in EFL High School Students:


The current study involves a teaching strategy that enhances students’ motivation by promoting teamwork as well as the development of kinesthetic and visual learning styles. This strategy is applied on high school students at the age of seventeen. It is divided into two parts. The first part involves a presentation of what an adjective is and related matters such as positions, forms and types of adjectives in English. The second part is the actual application of the teaching strategy where students apply what they have learnt from the presentation and they start creating materials such as flash cards to contextualize their learning in a meaningful way through the strategy described in this paper. A rubric is used to grade the performance of students during their oral production. This instrument is classified in four levels of performance, namely: needs improvement, satisfactory, good and excellent. The reason why a rubric is used is that the activity promotes the achievement of competencies that cannot be graded by numbers only as they involve attitude, abilities, knowledge and values. It is concluded that students have to use their background knowledge to come up with ideas of what the adjective category is, what the pronunciation of it is and an example where they can use it in a spontaneous way. Moreover, this activity can be adapted to teach a whole range of lexical phrases, collocations and patterns as well as language forms. Also, it is enjoyable and meaningful for students in the sense that students have the chance to move around the classroom, use their body parts, make noise, laugh and above all learn. The Role of Didactic Strategies to Promote Competencies of EFL High School Students: The Adjective Swatter