Economic Empowerment of Iraqi Women and Their Role in Achieving the Goals of Sustainable Development

Abstract

Sustainable development encompasses political, social, economic, health and environmental dimensions, all of which revolve around the quality of human life, and the potential and potential of the natural system that embraces this life. The goals assume a future vision of achieving development that responds to the needs of the present, without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meet their needs. The study aims to shed light on the status of women in the reality and policies of economic development in Iraq. the study is based on a basic hypothesis, which is based on the deep link between the promotion of the role of women and the objectives of sustainable development sectors, half the human resource and half the development contributors in all its sectors and half of its beneficiaries. Women are one of the most important prerequisites for development. Women's economic empowerment is one of the most important elements for sustained economic growth. Studies have shown that if equality between women and men is achieved in the labor market, economic growth will increase. Although access to the labor market is the most important opportunity for women to obtain economic empowerment, it faces challenges related to the prevalence of unemployment among females more than males, because of the low rates of education in females, which reduces their ability to join the labor market. Iraq is among the nine Arab countries that achieve a negative growth rate. Which means a clear decline in the rates of productivity growth of workers, which is due to several factors, including inflation of the administrative system of the government, and the lack of technological development in a number of basic economic activities, which reduces the productivity of workers, Implement appropriate policies to diversify economic activity.