بناء وتطبيق مقياس التفاؤل غير الواقعي لدى طلبة المرحلة الأعداد

Abstract

The present study aims to develop and apply the unrealistic optimism scale among high school students. The researcher has designed a scale of (38) paragraphs to measure the unrealistic optimism. A sample of (200) male and female students were chosen randomly to collect the needed data. The study found that the unrealistic scale of optimism has good psychometric characteristics. The research sample has a high level of unrealistic optimism. There is a statistically significant difference between male and female in the unrealistic optimism in favor of the male students. Finally, there is a statistically significant difference between students in the fourth and sixth grades. The study suggested a similar study taking up middle school students and comparing its results with the results of the current study