Comparison of The Change in Total Agricultural Productivity Between the Groups of Developing and Developed Countries Using the Malmquist Method for The Period (1990-2017)

Abstract

The economic disparity between developed and developing countries, and the gap between them, which were and still represent the interest of specialists and change in total agricultural productivity (TFP) is one of the most important measures of comparison to find out this difference. Therefore, the research aims at achieving a set of goals which, in aggregate, constitute an agricultural policy related to measuring the growth in total agricultural productivity (TFP) for both developing and developed countries (Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Australia) DEAP data Growth in total agricultural productivity in developing countries (Jordan, Saudi Arabia) declined by an average of (0.45 , 0.59)% respectively compared to developed countries (Canada, Australia) which reached (0.82 , 0.88)% respectively. The study has a set of conclusions, the most important being the low capacity Competitiveness in most developing countries and low production and low quality may be due to high costs resulting from high input production prices. Therefore, the study recommends optimal utilization of human, natural and financial resources to increase productivity in agriculture, which is the main input in the development of the agricultural sector of these countries.