ANALYTICAL STUDY OF SOME OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE REALITY OF FOOD SECURITY IN SOME DEVELOPING COUNTRIES FOR THE PERIOD 1995 – 2015 AND WAYS OF TREATMENT

Abstract

The research purposes at studying the concept of food security and studying the factors influencing it in (Iraq, Syria, Egypt and Morocco) and how to deal with it. The issue of food security has become one of the most important issues raised today. Most of the countries, which are characterized by the decline in the main food commodities and the growing demand for them and the rise in prices, Research in its style based on the connection between descriptive and quantitative methods. The research included a time series of twenty-one years (1995-2015) . The average squares method was used to determine the effect of some independent economic and agricultural indicators on the variable dependent on the size of the food gap while the independent variables represented by the factors influencing them (population, value of agricultural production, agricultural imports, deficit and surplus of the state budget) And the most important conclusions reached. It is expected that the food problem will become more acute in the future in light of the increase in the size of the population and increase consumption with a clear deterioration in agricultural production and rely on bridging the gap in the size of the food gap By means of imports, which represents a burden on the public budget in the sample countries that originally suffer from a large deficit and this is determined by quantitative analysis , Among these conclusions, the researcher recommends that concerted efforts should be made in the development of integrated strategies for food security to improve the agricultural sector and agricultural production through the optimal and rational use of natural resources and the use of modern methods in agriculture to address the problem of food and adopt the possible means of treatment mentioned in the research board.