Dynamics of some anthelmintic on internal parasites in camels: Review


In the current review, the focus will be applied to the mechanism of actions that are related to some anthelmintic medicines used for the treatment of gastrointestinal parasites of camels. This interesting subject is appealing because the importance of the host itself, camel, in providing relevant-region people in the world with milk, meat, and sometimes performance activities via camel races especially such races that are held in Arab Gulf region. The other aspect is that the huge economic and health losses that are generated by these infestation to camels. According to a study from Al-Diwaniyah City, Iraq, 86.36% of the tested camels were infested with different genera of GIT parasites such as Fasciola spp, Eimeria spp, Cryptosporidium spp, Nematodirus spp, Trichostrongylus spp, Moneizia spp, and Trichuris spp. In principle, some anthelmintic medicines generate undesired effects on the nematode-neuromuscular system. Some agents, such as benzimidazoles, bind to the -tubulin in the parasite leading to microtubule-polymerization deactivation and finally death of the parasitic cells.