Prevalence and Behavioral Risk Factors of Overweight and Obesity amongst Fifth and Sixth Grade Primary Schools' Children in AL-Najaf

Abstract

Background: Childhood obesity describe as one of the major vital and difficult public health issues in developed as well as developing countries. The WHO graded overweight and obesity as the 5th leading international risk for mortality. Aim: To assess the prevalence of obesity and overweight of the 5th and 6th grade in primary schools at age (10-12) in AL-Najaf Province and associated risk factors.Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in 24 primary schools in AL-Najaf Province between 1st of February to the 30th of May 2018.with a total number of (800) child aged (10-12) were included. The BMI was used as indicator for overweight/obesity Results: The prevalence of obesity and overweight amongst primary school children in AL-Najaf Province were 39.4%. About 12.9% were overweight and 26.5% were obese. There was significant associated with child's age, obesity and education of parent’s, fast food intake, physical inactivity, Transport method to school, Type of the school, sleep pattern, time spent in watching television. a short period of breastfeeding, skipping breakfast, a high consumption of sugary beverages, there was no statistically significant regarding gender, weekly fresh fruits consumption. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 18 using Pearson Chi-Square (χ2) test with P-value of (<0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is relatively high among children in primary school in AL-Najaf Province