Maternal Obesity and Risk of Fetal Congenital Abnormality


Dear Editor,The World Health Organization considers obesity as oneof the most serious global health problems with a negativefeedback on mother and fetus. Obesity represents animbalance between energy intake from food and energy outputexpended as physical and metabolic activity.[1] The effect ofmaternal obesity on birth outcomes is of great public healthimportant. Body mass index (BMI) above the normal rangeis associated with a number of adverse reproductive healthoutcomes.[2] Infertility,ovulation dysfunction,increase risk offirst timester abortion and recurrent miscarriage[3] also obesitycauses complication during pregnancy: gestational diabetes,pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia, birthdefects, large for gestational age or macrosomia