The New Approach of Hyaluronic Binding Assay in Relevance to Sperm Activation by Direct Swim-up Technique in Iraqi Infertile Men


Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a polysaccharide, that composed in the extracellular matrix of the cumulus cells, and considered to take function in choosing mature spermatozoa. The Sperm- hyaluronic binding assay (HBA) is significant diagnostic instrument for suspected male infertility when examining the semen. The HBA slide supplies the ratio of mature binding sperm in the specimen. To evaluate sperm parameters, and to evaluate the (HBA Score percentage (%) before and after activation. Twenty-five infertile couples a sharer in this current study through their attendance to the Al Nahrain University. Males undergoing seminal fluid analysis were done according to (WHO 2010, and WHO 1999). Sperm parameters assessed and calculate the HBA Score% pre-and-post- direct swim-up technique, the results were statistically tested. In Post- activation there was considerable increment noticed in the progressive motility and morphology of spermatozoa, likewise significant improvement in the (HBA score %). Furthermore, considerable reduction in the concentration, agglutination of spermatozoa and round cells count, when compared to pre-activation. The mean of binding of spermatozoa to hyaluronan pre-activation (direct swim-up technique) was less than normal limit for normozoospermic males. However, it significantly improves post-activation