Political control over basic laws

Abstract

France adopted the principle of political censorship and allowed the exercise of this jurisdiction to the Constitutional Council. Thus, the French Constitutional Council imposes its control over the laws, whether ordinary or basic, with the difference in that the censorship of the basic laws and the regulations of the two Houses of Parliament is a supreme control, The international treaties are optional censorship, and the French Constitutional Council's supervision of the basic laws is a previous control, ie the bill, and this was before the amendment to the French Constitution in 2008And the reason why the French legislator imposed mandatory control over the basic laws is the importance of these laws in building the institutions of the state and regulating the relationship between them. When the Constitutional Council declares that the law subject to its control over the constitution is not violated, Then the law can be issued by the President of the Republic. If the Constitutional Council declares the violation of the Constitution, then we must distinguish between two cases where it is not possible to separate texts that are contrary to the Constitution from the rest of the provisions of the law. In this case The version stops The law can not be issued, but if it is possible to separate the provisions of the law against the Constitution from the rest of the texts in this case, the President of the Republic can declare the law without the infringing texts or ask the two Houses of Parliament a new reading.