Teenage pregnancy risk factors and complications in Karbala province

Abstract

The period of transition between childhood to adult hood is called adolescent. The WHO defined the age of this period between (15-19 ) y. Female when become pregnant during this period called teenage or adolescent pregnancy. Adolescent birth rate is one of health indicators for family and community health, in addition to other indicators such as maternal mortality and antenatal care coverage, these indicators monitor of health of population.Adolescent pregnancy is public phenomenon worldwide. More prevalent in sub-Saharan African countries and low in south Korea. Ninety percent of children that born to women less than 20 years are lived in developing countries. Patients and methodsA case control study was included 141 mothers visiting Al Askan primary health care center in Kerbala city for postnatal care and for baby’s vaccination followed the delivery, in period from 1st February 2018 to 30th September 2018. The women ages were enrolled in study range from (15- 35 ) y. Participants divided into groups cases represented mother experience pregnancy below age of 20 years and control group included mother experience pregnancy over age of 20 years.Result : Sixty-one women were represented the number of cases in study with mean age 18.4±1.3 and eighty women were represented control group with age 29.1±4.8. Anemia was more frequent complication presented in adolescent group in 86.8% while in adult pregnant women 51.2% this difference was highly significant p-value close to 0.001.Conclusion : The study concludes the pregnancy during adolescent period has significantly higher rate of adverse outcome mostly on mother life that lead to more medical complication.