The Relationship between Body Mass Index and Semen Quality in Infertile Males

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Background In the recent years, studies have centered on improving the health of individuals in sustainable ways. .The aim of this study to identify the relationship between sperm quality and BMI of adult males. Patients & Methods: For that reason, the study identified a group of men who had been visiting a health clinic and unable to conceive for a period of one year, after consistent unprotected intercourse with their female partners. Relatively, the semen was collected from a total of 115 participants who were requested to abstain from sex for three days. A trained staff explained the assumptions and the intentions of the study to the participants who then, provided a written consent for using their samples. In this process, biased information was eliminated by not indicating their origin. The study is not the first one in healthcare, but there are several others that had been done and still in the process to clarify the fundaments under the topic. The Results: After examination of the samples, the study identified that there is a negative correlation between BMI and sperm quality. The parameters that were used to determine sperm quality included sperm concentration, determining the type of motility and sperm count. From the results of the study, it was established that overweight and obese men had higher chances of having low sperm quality compared to the underweight and normal men. In the discussion part, the study had varied strengths including the use of men from different BMI and consistency in the examination process in the laboratory. Also, some scientific studies support the results of the study, especially in the release of sex hormones. Despite the findings, researchers are recommended to be cautious in explaining the results since they are subjective to errors considering that the female counterparts were not examined of their fertility condition.