Trends in the relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth in Iraq for the period (1990-2017)

Abstract

The increase in the demand for electricity has been related to the growth of the population, which represents the largest consumer market for electric power in lighting, cooling, heating and household work as well as its entry into industrial, commercial and agricultural uses and Electricity consumption per capita to economic growth. The research aims to study the relationship between per capita electricity and average per capita income. The hypothesis is that the consumption of electricity stimulates, hinders economic growth or does not have a mutual effect between them. The problem of research is that there is no correlation between economic growth and electricity consumption rates. The study concluded that there is a causal relationship from electricity consumption to economic growth. In other words, the increase in electricity consumption during the period studied causes an increase in the economic growth. The increase in electricity consumption during the period studied causes an increase in economic growth, in order to adopt the country on the oil sector, which consumes more electricity in its production and the effects of changes in electricity consumption according to changes in the lifestyle of individuals. The stability tests were used according to the model of-Dickey-Fuller Augmented (ADF) and causal relationship trends between per capita electricity consumption and average per capita income are a measure of economic growth.