Achieving sustainable development in society


AbstractDuring the second half of the 20th century, scientific and technological developments led to a new state of human civilization characterized by remarkable achievements in computer and communication technology as well as a number of other technical achievements that attracted the attention of many observers, but at the same time neglected the problems related to The chances of survival of humanity in the circumstances of global environmental crises associated with this new state of civilization, where the relative decline in the interest of both the scientific community and the political community can be seen in these problems, especially in the absence of a realistic way to solve such environmental problems. In the second half of the 20th century, the majority of advanced industrial countries adopted the path of growing progress in science and technology and production methods, leading to the emergence of what became known as the post-industrial information society or society, which no longer depended on the activity of individuals or the society as a whole. Humans have to control that progress. However, the undisciplined developments accompanying industrial progress have contributed to a growing series of environmental problems, with environmental degradation, desertification, poverty, economic inequality, global warming, population explosion, and increasingly frightening extinction of living organisms, Acid rain, depletion of the ozone layer, and water and air pollution. The emergence and exacerbation of these environmental problems are several unforeseen challenges to the social sciences and to the daily concerns of citizens, Governments and private interests. Today, the world is no longer limited to the depletion of natural resources that can be met; albeit in a limited and inefficient way, Natural money with physical capital As a result of the environmental damage caused by the industrial revolution, questions arose about economic development and its relation to the environment, and the growing economic growth at the expense of environmental capabilities and social systems. The overuse of natural resources, the depletion of land resources and the steady increase in population have led the world to take note of the importance of studying these possibilities and how they will meet the growing needs in the future. The 1987 study by the Brundtland Commission, entitled Our Common Destiny, has provided the effective start for sustainable development. The sustainability movement today is developing new economic and agricultural means that are able to meet the needs of the present and enjoy long-term self sustainability, especially since the means currently used in environmental protection programs based on investing a great deal of money and effort are no longer feasible because the same humanitarian community is spending And greater efforts in companies and projects that cause such damage. This contradiction in modern society between the desire to protect and sustain the environment and the financing of companies and programs that destroy the environment at the same time explains why there is an urgent need to develop a new sustainable pattern that requires broad cultural changes as well as agricultural and economic reforms