An assessment of site suitability for emergency centers using GIS and AHP multicriteria (the million visit)

Abstract

AbstractA scientific method was used to integrate statistical methods and statistical programs in the order and analysis of raw data to obtain criteria and weights used with GIS programs and spatial analysis in locating the proposed health emergency centers for the million visit, based on several criteria including: average The number of visitors to the centers , the health center near Al-Husseiniya , the flow of visitors entering the city center, the flow of visitors out of the city center ). The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used for the purpose of analyzing the factors and determining them in the main factors and determining which factor is the most influential. Based on priorities for Criteria, it was found that the potential weights of the criteria based on the marital comparisons average The number of visitors to the centers (27.8), the health center near Al-Husseiniya (14.3), the flow of visitors entering the city center (7.7), the flow of visitors out of the city center (4.5)It was concluded that the GIS program has great potential in the selection of optimal sites for the establishment of sites and health centers and contains the natural and human variables affecting the health reality, in addition to the great ability to diagnose the faults according to the statistical methods such as the nearest neighbor and standard distance, (3%, 14%, 16% and 10%) respectively of the total number of emergency health centers proposed That 59% of the centers The proposed hypotheses have been excluded under this method, so the AHP method is more accurate in identifying the centers of greatest importance.